Advertisement

Removal of Organic Micropollutants by Activated Carbon

Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 5 / 5B)

Abstract

Activated carbon adsorption is the most important treatment step for micropollutant removal from surface- and groundwaters. Due to the competitive adsorption between the natural organic substances present in the raw water and the trace organic compounds, the carbon capacity for the micropollutant is reduced compared to the single solute system. Therefore the efficiency of the activated carbon for the micropollutant elimination depends on the kind and the adsorbability of the organic background on one side and the adsorbability and the concentration of the trace organic compound itself. In addition, optimal operation conditions will lead to greater efficiency of the activated carbon. However different trace organic compounds behave differently during adsorption from natural waters as has been shown in pilot studies.

Keywords

Activate Carbon Granular Activate Carbon Powdered Activate Carbon Effluent Concentration Carbon Capacity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

List of Symbols and Abbreviations

AC

Activated Carbon

DOC

Dissolved Organic Carbon

EDTA

Ethylenediaminetetraacetate

GAC

Granular Activated Carbon

PAC

Powdered Activated Carbon

PCB

Polychlorinated Biphenyls

TCP

Trichlorophenol

c

liquid-phase concentration

c0

initial concentration

h

filterbed depth

K

Freundlich constant

l

filterbed depth

n

Freundlich exponent

q

solid-phase concentration

T

temperature

υF

filter velocity

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Sontheimer H, Frick B, Fettig J, Hörner G, Hubele C, Zimmer G (1985) Adsorptionsverfahren zur Wasserreinigung. DVGW-Forschungsstelle, KarlsruheGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sontheimer H, Crittenden J C, Summers R S (1988) Activated carbon for water treatment. 2nd edn in English of Sontheimer H, Frick B, Fettig J, Homer G, Hubele C, Zimmer G ( 1985 ) Adsorptionsverfahren zur Wasserreinigung. DVGW-Forschungsstelle, KarlsruheGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kümmel R, Worch E (1990) Adsorption aus wäßrigen Lösungen. VEB Deutscher Verlag für Grundstoffindustrie, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Freundlich H (1906) Z Phys Chem 57: 385Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Baldauf G (1989). In: DVGW-Schriftenreihe Wasser, ZfGW-Verlag, Frankfurt 65: 109–142Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Baldauf G, Henkel M (1992) in: Proceeding Acque potabili-Acque reflue. Conference PaduaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Akhavein A A, Linscott D L (1968) Residue Reviews, 23, 97Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Baldauf G (1986) in: Vom Wasser. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim New York (vol. 67, pp 11–21 )Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Haist-Gulde B, Johannsen K, Stauder S, Baldauf G, Sontheimer H (1991) gwf Wasser-Abwasser 1: 8Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hömer G (1985) Adsorption von Chlorkohlenwasserstoffen an Aktivkohlen und deren Regeneration durch thermische Desorption. Thesis, University of KarlsruheGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Crittenden J C, Luft P, Hand D W (1985) Wat Res 19, 12: 1537Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Narbaitz R M, Benedek A (1986) in: Proceeding J Amer Water Works Assoc confrence, DenverGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Amy G L, Narbaitz R M, Coopeer W J (1987) J Amer Water Works Assoc 79, 8: 49Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Summers R S, Haist B, Köhler, J, Ritz J, Zimmer G, Sontheimer H (1989) J Amer Water Works Assoc 81, 5: 66Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Weber W J, Pirbazari M (1982) J Amer Water Works Assoc 74: 203Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pirbazari M, Weber W J (1984) J Amer Water Works Assoc 84, 2: 82Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pirbazari M, Moore L A, Weber W J, Stevens A A (1984) in: (ed) Meyers A L, Belfort G: Fundamentals of adsorption Proc of the Eng Found Conf at Schloß Elmar Ed Meyers A L, Belfort G: et alGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zimmer G (1988) Untersuchungen zur Adsorption organischer Wasserinhaltsstoffe aus natürlichen Wässern. Thesis, University of KarlsruheGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Haist-Gulde B (1991) Zur Adsorption von Spurenverunreinigungen aus Oberflächenwässern Thesis, University of KarlsruheGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Robeck G G, Dostal K A, Cohen M C, Kreissl J F (11965) J Amer Water Works Assoc 84, 2: 82Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pirbazari M, Weber W J (1984) J Environ Eng: 656Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Miltner R J, Baker D B, Speth T F, Fronk C A (1989) J Amer Water Works Assoc 1: 43Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Speth T F, Miltner R J (1990) J Amer Water Works Assoc 2: 72Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Speth T F (1990) in: Proceeding J Amer Water Works Assoc conference, CincinnatiGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Herzing D R, Snoeyink V L, Wood N F (1977) J Amer Water Works Assoc 1: 43Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Murin C J, Snoeyink V L (1979) Environ Sci zhaohuan Techn 13, 3: 305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Najm I N, Snoeyink V L, Suidan M T, Lee C H, Richard Y (1990) J Amer Water Works Assoc 1: 65Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Symons J M (1978) Interim Treatment Guide for Controlling Organic Contaminants in Drinking Water Using Granular Activated Carbon. USEPA Report Fed Reg 43, No 28: pp 5756Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Pirbazari M, Badri N B, Sung-Hyun K, Miltner R J (1992) J Amer Water Works Assoc 2: 83Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Najm I N, Snoeyink V L, Richard Y (1990) in: Proceeding J Amer Water Works Assoc conference, CincinnatiGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Haist-Gulde B, Baldauf, G, Brauch H-J (1992) Water Supply, 11: 159Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Haberer K, Normann S (1977) in: Vom Wasser Verlag Chemie, Weinheim New York (vol. 49, pp 334 )Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Schwartz H G (1967) Env Sci and Technol 4: 33Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Najm I N, Snoeyink V L, Lynkins B W (1991) J Amer Water Works Assoc 1: 65Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Randtke S J, Snoeyink V L (1983) J Amer Water Works Assoc 75, 8: 406Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Carollo J A (1945) J Amer Water Works Assoc 37: 1310Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Benz M (1989) Untersuchungen zum Adsorptionsverhalten von Vielstoffgemischen unbekannter Zusammensetzung. Thesis, University of KarlsruheGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Baldauf G (1990) in: Berichte aus Wassergütewirtschaft und Gesundheitsingenieurwesen, Technische universität München, vol. 95Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Baldauf G (1992) gwf Wasser-Abwasser 133, 4: 187Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Bouwer E, McCarty P L (1982) Envir Sci Technol 1: 40Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Baldauf G, Zimmer G (1986) in: Vom Wasser. Verlag Chemie, Weinheim New York (vol. 66, pp 61 )Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.DVGW — Technologiezentrum WasserKarlsruheDeutschland

Personalised recommendations