The Computational Procedures

  • Harald Ibach
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 63)


Electron optics involves analytical calculations as well as the numerical simulation of electron trajectories. With high performance computer work-stations readily available, analytical calculations, in particular the use of cumbersome perturbation theories, are being increasingly replaced by numerical studies. This chapter outlines the basic concepts and numerical methods employed in this volume.


Space Charge Laplace Equation Entrance Slit Lens System Electron Trajectory 
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  1. 2.1
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    K. Hünlich: Diplomarbeit, Aachen (1984), unpublishedGoogle Scholar
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    E.W. Schmid, G. Spitz, W. Lösch: Theoretische Physik mit dem Personal Computer (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1987), p.101zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 2.3a
    Ximen Jiye: Aberration Theory in Electron and Ion Optics (Academic, Orlando, FL 1986), p.368Google Scholar
  5. 2.4
    K.R. Spangenberg: Vacuum Tubes (McGraw-Hill, New York 1948), p.170Google Scholar
  6. 2.5
    H. Ibach, D.L. Mills: Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy and Surface Vibrations (Academic, New York 1982)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Ibach
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Grenzflächenforschung und VakuumphysikKernforschungsanlage Jülich GmbHJülichFed. Rep. of Germany

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