High-Throughput Probes for Near-Field Optics and Their Applications

  • T. Yatsui
  • M. Ohtsu
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 86)


Recent developments in near-field optical microscopy have made it possible to obtain optical images with nanometer-scale spatial resolution by scanning a fiber probe with a sub-wavelength aperture [1]. In attempts to improve performance in spatially resolved spectroscopy, a serious problem of the fiber probe is its low throughput (in the case of illumination-mode operation, the throughput is defined as the ratio of the output light power at the apex to the incident light power coupled into the fiber). The essential cause of the low throughput is the guiding loss along the metallized tapered core. Based on a mode analysis of the tapered core, we review our work to realize high-throughput probes.


Incident Light Polarization Small Spot Size Contact Slider Metal Cladding Apertured Probe 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. Ohtsu (ed.), Near-Field Nano/Atom Optics and Technology (Springer, Tokyo 1998)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Novotny, C. Hafner: Phys. Rev. E 50, 4094 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E.D. Palik (ed.), Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, San Diego 1985)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Yatsui, M. Kourogi, M. Ohtsu: Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1756 (1997)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Pangaribun, K. Yamada, S. Jiang, H. Ohsawa, M. Ohtsu: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 31, L1302 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G.A. Valaskovic, M. Holton, G.H. Morrison: Appl. Opt.34 1215 (1995)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. Yatsui, M. Kourogi, M. Ohtsu: Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2090 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. Inoue, S. Kawata: Opt. Lett. 19, 159 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D. Marcuse: Light Transmission Optics, 2nd edn. Chap. 10 (Krieger, Malabar 1982)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Sommerfeld: Optics, Chap. VI, 39 (Academic Press, New York 1954)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Mononobe, M. Naya, T. Saiki, M. Ohtsu: Appl. Opt.36 1496 (1997)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H.U. Danzebrink, T. Dziomba, T. Sulzbach, O. Ohlsson, C. Lehrer, L. Frey: J. Microscopy 194, 335 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T.R. Anthony: J. Appl. Phys. 58, 1240 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. Yonezawa (ed.), Fundamental Physics of Amorphous Semiconductors, 104 (Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York 1981)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Tanaka: J. Non-Crys. Solids 59 & 60925 (1993) Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B.W. Corb, W.D. Wei, B.L. Averbach: J. Non-Crys. Solids 53 29 (1994)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Yatsui, M. Kourogi, K. Tsutsui, J. Takahashi, M. Ohtsu: Opt. Lett. 25, 1279 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Tominaga, T. Nakano, N. Atoda: Appl. Phys. Lett.73 2078 (1998)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H. Yoshikawa, Y. Andoh, M. Yamamoto, K. Fukuzawa, T. Tamamura, T. Ohkubo: Opt. Lett. 25, 67 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    F. Isshiki, K. Ito, S. Hosaka: Appl. Phys. Lett.76 804 (2000)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y.J. Kim, K. Kurihara, K. Suzuki, M. Nomura, S. Mitsugi, M. Chiba, K. Goto: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 1538 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. Yatsui, M. Kourogi, K. Tsutsui, J. Takahashi, M. Ohtsu: In: Proc. SPIE 3791 (1999) p. 76Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D.W. Pohl: IBM J. Res. Dev.39 701 (1995) Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Yanagisawa, A. Sato, K. Ajiki, F. Watanabe: In: Tribology of Contact/NearContact Recording for Ultra High Density Magnetic Storage. ed. by C.S. Bhatia, A.K. Menon, TRIB-6 (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, 1996) p. 25Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Ashino, M. Ohtsu: Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1299 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. Matsumoto, T. Ichimura, T. Yatsui, M. Kourogi, T. Saiki, M. Ohtsu: Opt. Rev. 5, 369 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Mononobe, T. Saiki, T. Suzuki, S. Koshihara, M. Ohtsu: Opt. Commun.146 45 (1998) Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    T. Yatsui, M. Kourogi, M. Ohtsu: In: Technical Digest of Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (2001) p. 79Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    K. Kurihara, M. Ohtsu, T. Yoshida, T. Abe, H. Hisamoto, K. Suzuki: Anal. Chem. 71, 3558 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Y. Yamamoto, G.-H. Lee, K. Matsuda, T. Shimizu, M. Kourogi, M. Ohtsu: Opt. Rev. 7, 486 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    T. Saiki, K. Nishi, M. Ohtsu: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37, 1638 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    H. Fukuda, Y. Kadota, M. Ohtsu: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.38 L571 (1999)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Y. Narita, T. Tadokoro, T. Ikeda, T. Saiki, S. Mononobe, M. Ohtsu: Appl. Spectro. 52, 1141 (1998)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    V.V. Polonski, Y. Yamamoto, M. Kourogi, H. Fukuda, M. Ohtsu: J. Microscopy 194, 545 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y. Yamamoto, M. Kourogi, M. Ohtsu, V. Polonski, G.-H. Lee: Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2173 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    M. Ohtsu, K. Kobayashi, H. Ito, G.-H. Lee: Proc. IEEE 88, 1499 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Yatsui
  • M. Ohtsu

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations