Part of the Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs book series (HAMBURG, volume 5)
KeywordsInternational Convention International Maritime Organi Strict Liability Civil Liability Liability Insurance
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- 1.According to the International Maritime Organization (IMO): as the 1973 MARPOL Convention had not yet entered into force, the 1978 MRPOL Protocol absorbed the earlier convention. The combined instrument — the International Convention for the Prevention of Maritime Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto (MARPOL 73/78) — finally entered into force on 2 October 1983 (for Annexes I and II). The information is available at: <http://www.imo.org/Conventions/contents.asp?doc_id=678ℴpic_id=258#2> (visited 10 January 2006). They are reprinted in: Lloyd’s Shipping Law Library: The Ratification of Maritime Conventions (2004), Vol.4, II.7.160 and II.7.170.Google Scholar
- 3.The international civil liability convention system includes: the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage 1969 and its 1992 Protocol, and the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage 1971 and its 1992 Protocol. They are reprinted in: Lloyd’s Shipping Law Library: The Ratification of Maritime Conventions (2004), Vol.4, II.7.30, II.7.51, II.7.90 and II.7.111.Google Scholar
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007