Steganography with Least Histogram Abnormality

  • Xinpeng Zhang
  • Shuozhong Wang
  • Kaiwen Zhang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2776)


A novel steganographic scheme is proposed which avoids asymmetry inherent in conventional LSB embedding techniques so that abnormality in the image histogram is kept minimum. The proposed technique is capable of resisting the χ 2 test and RS analysis, as well as a new steganalytic method named GPC analysis as introduced in this paper. In the described steganographic technique, a pair of mutually complementary mappings, F 1 and F − 1, is used, leading to a balanced behavior of several statistical parameters explored by several steganalytic schemes, thus improved security. Experimental results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method.


Cover Image Secret Message Host Image Secret Data Image Histogram 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinpeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Shuozhong Wang
    • 1
  • Kaiwen Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Communication & Information EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina

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