Advertisement

Steganography with Least Histogram Abnormality

  • Xinpeng Zhang
  • Shuozhong Wang
  • Kaiwen Zhang
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2776)

Abstract

A novel steganographic scheme is proposed which avoids asymmetry inherent in conventional LSB embedding techniques so that abnormality in the image histogram is kept minimum. The proposed technique is capable of resisting the χ 2 test and RS analysis, as well as a new steganalytic method named GPC analysis as introduced in this paper. In the described steganographic technique, a pair of mutually complementary mappings, F 1 and F − 1, is used, leading to a balanced behavior of several statistical parameters explored by several steganalytic schemes, thus improved security. Experimental results are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method.

Keywords

Cover Image Secret Message Host Image Secret Data Image Histogram 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Petitcolas, F.A.P., Anderson, R.J., Kuhn, M.G.: Information Hiding -— A Survey. Proc. IEEE 87, 1062–1078 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fridrich, J., Goljan, M.: Practical Steganalysis of Digital Images—State of the Art. In: Proceedings of SPIE, San Jose, USA, vol. 4675, pp. 1–13 (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang, H., Wang, S.: Cyber Warfare — Steganography vs. Steganalysis. Communication of the ACM (in press)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Westfeld, A., Pfitzmann, A.: Attacks on Steganographic Systems. In: Pfitzmann, A. (ed.) IH 1999. LNCS, vol. 1768, pp. 61–76. Springer, Heidelberg (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Provos, N., Honeyman, P.: Detecting Steganographic Content on the Internet. CITI Technical Report 01–11 (2001)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fridrich, J., Goljan, M., Du, R.: Detecting LSB Steganography in Color and Gray-Scale Images. Magazine of IEEE Multimedia, 22–28 (October-December 2001); special Issue on SecurityGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fridrich, J., Du, R., Long, M.: Steganalysis of LSB Encoding in Color Images. In: IEEE Int. Conf. on Multimedia and Expo, vol. 3, pp. 1279–1282 (2000)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fridrich, J., Goljan, M., Du, R.: Steganalysis Based on JPEG Compatibility. In: Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 4518, pp. 275–280 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fridrich, J., Goljan, M., Hogea, D.: Attacking the OutGuess. In: Proc. of the ACM Workshop on Multimedia and Security 2002, Juan-les-Pins, France, December 6 (2002)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fridrich, J., Goljan, M., Hogea, D.: Steganalysis of JPEG Image: Breaking the F5 Algorithm. In: 5th International Workshop on Information Hiding, Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands (October 2002)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Westfeld, A.: F5— A Steganographic Algorithm. In: Moskowitz, I.S. (ed.) IH 2001. LNCS, vol. 2137, pp. 289–302. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lyu, S., Farid, H.: Detecting Hidden Message Using Higher-Order Statistics and Support Vector Machines. In: 5th International Workshop on Information Hiding, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands, 7–9 October (2002)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ettinger, J.: Steganalysis and Game Equilibria. In: Aucsmith, D. (ed.) IH 1998. LNCS, vol. 1525, pp. 319–328. Springer, Heidelberg (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Provos, N.: Defending against Statistical Steganalysis. In: 10th USENIX Security Symposium, Washington, DC (2001)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wang, S., Zhang, X., Zhang, K.: Steganographic Technique Capable of Withstanding RQP Analysis. Journal of Shanghai University 6, 273–277 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinpeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Shuozhong Wang
    • 1
  • Kaiwen Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Communication & Information EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations