X-Learn: An XML-Based, Multi-agent System for Supporting “User-Device” Adaptive E-learning

  • Pasquale De Meo
  • Alfredo Garro
  • Giorgio Terracina
  • Domenico Ursino
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2888)


In this paper we present X-Learn, an XML-based, multi-agent system for supporting “user-device” adaptive e-learning. X-Learn is characterized by the following features: (i) it is highly subjective, since it handles quite a rich and detailed user profile that plays a key role during the learning activities; (ii) it is dynamic and flexible, i.e., it is capable of reacting to variations of exigencies and objectives; (iii) it is device-adaptive, since it decides the learning objects to present to the user on the basis of the device she/he is currently exploiting; (iv) it is generic, i.e., it is capable of operating in a large variety of learning contexts; (v) it is XML based, since it exploits many facilities of XML technology for handling and exchanging information connected to e-learning activities. The paper reports also various experimental results as well as a comparison between X-Learn and other related e-learning management systems already presented in the literature.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasquale De Meo
    • 1
  • Alfredo Garro
    • 2
  • Giorgio Terracina
    • 3
  • Domenico Ursino
    • 1
  1. 1.DIMETUniversità Mediterranea di Reggio CalabriaReggio CalabriaItaly
  2. 2.DEISUniversità della CalabriaRende CSItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di MatematicaUniversità della CalabriaRende CSItaly

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