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Scale in Object and Process Ontologies

  • Femke Reitsma
  • Thomas Bittner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2825)

Abstract

Scale is of great importance to the analysis of real world phenomena, be they enduring objects or perduring processes. This paper presents a new perspective on the concept of scale by considering it within two complementary ontological views. The first, called SNAP, recognizes enduring entities or objects, the other, called SPAN, perduring entities or processes. Within the meta-theory provided by the complementary SNAP and SPAN ontologies, we apply different theories of formal ontology such as mereology and granular partitions, and ideas derived from hierarchy theory. These theories are applied to objects and processes and form the framework within which we present tentative definitions of scale, which are found to differ between the two ontologies.

Keywords

scale granularity hierarchy process ontology mereology 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Femke Reitsma
    • 1
  • Thomas Bittner
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information ScienceUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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