From Knowledge-Based to Skill-Based Systems: Sailing as a Machine Learning Challenge

  • Pieter Adriaans
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2837)


This paper describes the Robosail project. It started in 1997 with the aim to build a self-learning auto pilot for a single handed sailing yacht. The goal was to make an adaptive system that would help a single handed sailor to go faster on average in a race. Presently, after five years of development and a number of sea trials, we have a commercial system available ( It is a hybrid system using agent technology, machine learning, data mining and rule-based reasoning. Apart from describing the system we try to generalize our findings, and argue that sailing is an interesting paradigm for a class of hybrid systems that one could call Skill-based Systems.


Hybrid System Constitutive Rule Regulative Rule Symbol Grounding Swivel Angle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieter Adriaans
    • 1
  1. 1.FNWI / ILLCUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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