Lidar Measurements of Clouds

  • Allan I. Carswell
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 39)


Clouds present one of the most difficult challenges in the quantitative description of radiative transfer in the atmosphere. They occur widely in the atmosphere and have a great diversity of physical characteristics such as their position, extent, water content, droplet size, ice content, etc. Optically they present a broad range of properties which are generally described in terms of parameters such as, extinction, reflectance and emissivity. One of the dominant characteristics of all clouds is their large variability in both space and time. It is this aspect which makes an accurate modelling of their optical properties in any radiative transfer calculations very difficult — particularly since cloud optical data with good spatial and temporal resolution are still quite limited.


Multiple Scattering Liquid Water Content Backscatter Signal Lidar System Lidar Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allan I. Carswell
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and CRESSYork UniversityDownsviewCanada

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