Lidar System Analysis for Measurement of Atmospheric Species
In this paper several important aspects of lidar are discussed, which pertain to a system analysis of the applicability of certain types of lidar to specific measurement objectives. The differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technique is emphasized. A brief treatment of the DIAL technique is followed by a discussion of the comparison of DIAL with other lidar measurement techniques. Sensitivity expressions are presented for DIAL with either direct or coherent (heterodyne) detection systems. A treatment of the fundamental similarities and differences in using the UV and IR spectral regions for species measurements, such as backscattering properties, spectral characteristics of the absorbing species, and factors relevant to the optimization of the DIAL measurement accuracy, is also included. Finally, results obtained from an existing ground-based DIAL system used to measure water vapor profiles are briefly discussed.
KeywordsIntegrate Water Vapor Aerosol Backscatter Differential Absorption Lidar Rayleigh Backscatter Water Vapor Profile
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