Subjective Optometers

  • Sami G. El Hage
  • Yves Le Grand
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 13)


This term designates various devices that enable the subject to determine his own ametropia. Consequently, he may determine the best correction for his condition. These devices are not frequently used and generally are not as good as those described in the preceding chapter. In most of these devices, the subject must look with one eye in an eyepiece, which has the major inconvenience of inducing accommodation in the subject, who is not relaxed because he is trying to pay attention. This defect is lessened if the eye that is not observing, instead of remaining closed, looks at a uniform area, or even better at a distant test pattern (but then the disparity of the monocular fields may creat difficulties). We can classify subjective optometers into two categories, according to the focusing criterion that they use: sharpness or doubling.


Test Pattern Cylindrical Lens Screen Device Corrective Lens Preceding Chapter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sami G. El Hage
    • 1
  • Yves Le Grand
    • 2
  1. 1.Eye Care AssociatesHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Director Du MuseeumParisFrance

Personalised recommendations