Molecular-Beam, Laser-RF, Double Resonance Studies of Calcium Monohalide Radicals
The molecular-beam, laser-rf, double-resonance technique has been described [1–3] a number of times. In essence, the occurrence of a radiofrequency (rf) transition in the electronic ground state of the molecule under study is detected by an increase in the laser-induced fluorescence of the molecular beam when the rf is on resonance. The technique makes it possible to measure small energy splittings (normally spin-rotational or hyperfine) in the electronic ground state of a molecule to an absolute precision of 1 kHz. The sensitivity of the technique is high because even a very small increase in fluorescence can be easily seen if the rf is swept repeatedly and digital data-handling techniques are used. The technique is useful for ionic  as well as for neutral atoms and molecules.
KeywordsDouble Resonance Electronic Ground State Outer Electron High Order Parameter Unpaired Spin Density
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