The Optical Field: A Stochastic Vector Field or, Classical Theory of Optical Coherence
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Light is an electromagnetic phenomenon. According to classical electromagnetic theory, an electromagnetic field consists of an electric vector field and a magnetic vector field, both being functions of space and time. These fields have to satisfy a set of partial differential equations, Maxwell’s equations, which govern their generation by accelerated electric charges as well as their propagation through media that have different electric and magnetic properties. All optical phenomena can be explained by solving Maxwell’s equations under the proper boundary conditions.
KeywordsThermal Field Optical Field Coherence Function Complex Degree Spectral Coherence
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