Principles of Holography

  • Akira Tonomura
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 70)


Holography, being a unique imaging technique that does not use lenses, is based on the most fundamental properties of waves, interference and diffraction. Holography is therefore applicable to all kinds of waves — light, X-ray, sound, electron, or neutron waves — regardless of whether there is a lens involved for the wave. The major feature of holography is that a complete wave (i.e., a complex amplitude) can be reconstructed from an exposed film called a hologram (a photograph containing all information, amplitude and phase). For this reason, laser holography can produce a far more realistic stereoscopic image than can be provided by any other technique.


Point Object Reference Wave Zone Plate Transmitted Amplitude Object Wave 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Tonomura
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Research LaboratoryHitachi, Ltd.SaitamaJapan

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