Advertisement

Context-Aware Applications Enhanced with Commonsense Spatial Reasoning

  • Matteo Palmonari
  • Stefania Bandini
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

A major issue in Pervasive Computing in order to design and implement context–aware applications is to correlate heterogeneous information acquired by distributed devices to provide a more comprehensive view of the context they inhabit. Although information can be geo-referenced according to quantitative models there are a number of reasons for which Qualitative Spatial Representations can be preferred in such context. The paper presents a knowledge-based approach to correlation of information coming from different sources based on Logical Commonsense Spatial Reasoning. In particular a class of models that can be exploited for reasoning about correlation is presented and a framework to provide the desired inferences within a Hybrid Logic framework is given. This framework is claimed to be enough flexible to be exploited in different application domains and an example for a Smart Home application is discussed.

Keywords

Modal Logic Spatial Model Pervasive Computing Modal Language Spatial Reasoning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aiello, M., and J. van Benthem (2002): A Modal Walk Through Space. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics Vol. 12 No. (3-4), pp. 319-364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bandini, S., Bogni, D., and Manzoni, S. (2002): Alarm Correlation in Traffic Monitoring and Control Systems: a Knowledge-Based Approach. In: Proceedings of the 15th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, July 21-26 2002, Lyon (F). Amsterdam: IOS Press, pp. 638–642.Google Scholar
  3. Bandini, S., Alessandro M., Palmonari, M., and Sartori, F. (2004): A Conceptual Framework for Monitoring and Control System Development. In Ubiquitous Mobile Information and Collaboration Systems (UMICS’04), LNCS, Vol. 3272. Springer-Verlag, pp. 112-125.Google Scholar
  4. Bandini, S., Bogni, D., Manzoni, S., and Mosca, A. (2005a): A ST-Modal Logic Approach to Alarm Correlation in Monitoring and Control of Italian Highways Traffic. In Proceedings of The 18th International Conference on Industrial & Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence & Expert Systems. Bari, June 22-25, 2005. Springer-Verlag, pp. 819–828.Google Scholar
  5. Bandini, S., Mosca, A., and Palmonari, M. (2005b): Commonsense Spatial Reasoning for Context–Aware Pervasive Systems. Location- and Context-Awareness, First International Workshop, LoCA 2005, LNCS Vol. 3479. Springer-Verlag, pp. 180–188.Google Scholar
  6. Bandini, S., Mosca, A., and Palmonari, M. (2005c): A Hybrid Logic for Commonsense Spatial Reasoning. Proceedings of the 9th Congress of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence. LNAI 3673, Springer-Verlag, pp. 25–37.Google Scholar
  7. Bennett, B. (1996): Modal Logics for Qualitative Spatial Reasoning. Journal of the Interest Group in Pure and Applied Logic. Vol. 4, No. 1. pp. 23-45.Google Scholar
  8. Bennett, B., Cohn, A. G., Wolter, F., and Zakharyaschev, M. (2002): Multi-Dimensional Modal Logic as a Framework for Spatio-Temporal Reasoning. Applied Intelligence 17 (3), pp. 239–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blackburn, P. (2000): Representation, Reasoning and Realtional Structures: a Hybrid Logic Manifesto. Logic Journal of the IGPL, Vol 8 No. 3, pp. 339–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Blackburn, P., de Rijke, M., and Venema, Y., (2000): Modal Logic. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Carvalho, H.S., Heinzelman, W.B., Murphy, A.L., and Coelho, C.J.N. (2003): A General Data Fusion Architecture. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information Fusion (Fusion). Cains, Australia, pp. 1465- 1472.Google Scholar
  12. Casati, R., and Varzi, A. (1999): Parts and places: the structures of spatial representation. Cambridge, MA and London: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  13. Chen, H., Finin, T., and Joshi, A. (2004): An Ontology for Context-Aware Pervasive Computing Environments. Knowledge Engineering Review, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 197–207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Christopoulou, E., Goumoupoulos, C., and Kameas, A. (2005): An ontology-based context management and reasoning process for UbiComp applications. In Joint conference on Smart Objects and Ambient Intelligence (sOc-EUSAI). ACM Press, pp. 183–188.Google Scholar
  15. Cohn, A. G, and Hazarika, S. M. (2001): Qualitative Spatial Representation and Reasoning: An Overview. Fundamenta Informaticae, Vol. 46 No. (1-2):, pp.1–29.Google Scholar
  16. Dey, A. K., (2001). Understanding and Using Context. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 4–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Egenhofer, M. J., and Mark, D. M. (1995): Naive Geography. In Spatial Information Theory - A Theoretical Basis for GIS (COSIT’95), edited by A. U. Frank and W. Kuhn, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 1–15.Google Scholar
  18. Fonseca, F. T., Max, J., Egenhofer, C., Davis, A., and Câmara. G. (2002): Semantic Granularity in Ontology-Driven Geographic Information Systems. Annals of. Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 36 No. (1-2), pp. 121–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ossowski, S., Hernández, J., Belmonte, M., Maseda, J., Fernandez, A., García-Serrano, A., Triguero Ruiz, F., Serrano, J. M., and Pérez de-la Cruz, J. L. (2004): Multi-Agent Systems For Decision Support: A Case Study In The Transportation Management Domain. Applied Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 18 No. (9-10), pp. 779–795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Randell, D. A., Cui, Z., and Cohn, A. G. (1992): A Spatial Logic Based on Regions and Connection. Proceedings of the 3rd Internationa Conference on Knowledge Representation and Reasoning. San Mateo, CA: Morgan Kaufmann, pp. 165–176.Google Scholar
  21. Zambonelli, F., and Parunak, H.V.D. (2002): Signs of a Revolution in Computer Science and Software Engineering. Proceedings of Engineering Societies in the Agents World III (ESAW2002), Volume 2577. Springer-Verlag, pp. 13–28.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matteo Palmonari
    • 1
  • Stefania Bandini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science Systems and Communication (DISCo)University of Milan - BicoccaMilan

Personalised recommendations