Advertisement

Mobile Maps and More – Extending Location-Based Services with Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis

  • Claus Rinner
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

Maps are often used as decision support tools in both, desktop geographic information systems (GIS) and mobile GIS environments. The decision support capabilities of current location-based services (LBS) are limited to navigation support and database querying with no analytic evaluation of the attractiveness of alternative destinations being offered. This chapter demonstrates how LBS can be extended with specific decision support functionality, namely multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA). MCDA was recently transferred to the mobile GIS platform illustrating how LBS user preferences can be represented by the parameters in a MCDA method and will lead to personalized decision outcomes. An extension to a collaborative crisis management scenario is proposed, in which mobile decision-makers have MCDA tools at hand to help them make more informed choices. This chapter describes the scenario and derives a client/server architecture as well as the user interface and map design for a mobile decision support system for emergency response

Keywords

Geographic Information System Decision Support Tool Multicriteria Decision Ordered Weighted Average Spatial Decision Support System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, P.M., Ashwell, G.W.B., and Baxter, R. (2003): Location-Based Services - An Overview of the Standards. BT Technology Journal21(1): 34-43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahn, Y.S., Park, S.Y., Yoo, S.B., and Bae, H.Y. (2004): Extension of Geography Markup Language (GML) for mobile and location-based applications. Computational Science and its Applications - ICCSA 2004,Lecture Notes in Computer Science 3044: 1079-1088.Google Scholar
  3. Andrienko, G.L., and Andrienko, N.V. (1999): Interactive maps for visual data exploration. International Journal of Geographical Information Science13(4): 355-374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Armstrong, M.P. (2002): Geographic information technologies and their potentially erosive effects on personal privacy. Studies in the Social Sciences 27(1): 19-28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Barnes, S.J. (2003): Developments in the M-commerce value chain: Adding value with location-based services. Geography 88(4): 277-288.Google Scholar
  6. Beinat, E. (2001): Location-based Services - Market and Business Drivers. GeoInformatics 4(3): 6-9.Google Scholar
  7. Benson, J. (2001): LBS technology delivers information where and when it’s needed. Business Geographics 9(2): 20-22.Google Scholar
  8. Berger, S., Lehmann, H., and Lehner, F. (2003): Location-Based Services in the Tourist Industry. Information Technology & Tourism 5(4): 243-256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cai, G., Bolelli, L., MacEachren, A.M., Sharma, R., Fuhrmann, S., and McNeese, M. (2004): GeoCollaborative Crisis Management: Using Maps to Mediate EOC–Mobile Team Collaboration. Demo Abstract, Proceedings of the 5th Annual NSF Digital Government Conference, Los Angeles, CA, May 23-26, 2004.Google Scholar
  10. Chincholle, D., Goldstein, M., Nyberg, M., Eriksson, M. (2002): Lost or found? A usability evaluation of a mobile navigation and location-based service. Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2411: 211-224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Choi W-J., and Tekinay, S. (2003): Location-Based Service Provisioning for Next Generation Wireless Networks. International Journal of Wireless Information Networks 10(3): 127-139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cutter, S.L. (2003): GI Science, Disasters, and Emergency Management. Transactions in GIS 7(4): 439-445.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Densham, P. (1991): Spatial Decision Support Systems. In D.J. Maguire, M.F. Goodchild, and D.W. Rhind (eds) Geographical Information Systems: Principles and Applications, Vol. 1, pp. 403-412, London: Longman.Google Scholar
  14. DiBiase, D. (1990): Visualization in the Earth Sciences. Earth and Mineral Sciences, Bulletin of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences, Pennsylvania State University, 59(2): 13-18.Google Scholar
  15. Erharuyi, N., and Fairbairn, D. (2003): Mobile geographic information handing technologies to support disaster management. Geography 88(4): 312-319.Google Scholar
  16. ESRI (2002) New York City–Creating a Disaster Management GIS on the Fly. ArcNews Winter 2001/2002 (dated January 21, 2002). Available at http://www.esri.com/news/arcnews/winter0102articles/nyc-creating.html (accessed February 18, 2007)Google Scholar
  17. Gartner, G., Uhlirz, S., Pammer, A., and Radoczky, V. (2003): Kartographische Beitröge zur Entwicklung von LBS. Kartographische Nachrichten 1/2003: 16-22.Google Scholar
  18. Heywood, I., Oliver, J., and Tomlinson, S. (1995): Building an exploratory multi-criteria modelling environment for spatial decision support. In: P. Fisher (ed), Innovations in GIS 2, Bristol: Taylor & Francis, pp 127–136.Google Scholar
  19. Hinze, A., and Voisard, A. (2003): Location- and time-based information delivery in tourism. Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 2750: 489-507.Google Scholar
  20. Hjelm, J. (2002): Creating Location Services for the Wireless Web, John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Jankowski, P., Andrienko, N., and Andrienko, G. (2001): Map-centered exploratory approach to multiple criteria spatial decision making. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 15(2): 101-127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Jankowski, P., and Nyerges, T. (2001): GIS-Supported collaborative decision making: results of an experiment. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 91(1): 48-70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Jiang, H., and Eastman, J.R. (2000): Application of fuzzy measures in multi-criteria evaluation in GIS. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems 14(2):173-184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Keenan, P. (1997): Using a GIS as a DSS Generator, University College Dublin. Available online at http://mis.ucd.ie/staff/pkeenan/gis_as_a_dss.html (last accessed: 30 April 2006)Google Scholar
  25. MacEachren, A.M., Ganter, J.H. (1990): A Pattern Identification Approach to Cartographic Visualization. Cartographica27(2): 64-81.Google Scholar
  26. MacEachren, A.M. (1994): Visualization in modern cartography: setting the agenda. In A.M. MacEachren and D.R.F. Taylor (eds) Visualization in Modern Cartography. Oxford: Pergamon Press, pp. 1-12.Google Scholar
  27. Malczewski, J. (1999): GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  28. Malczewski, J., and Rinner, C. (2005): Exploring Multicriteria Decision Strategies in GIS with Linguistic Quantifiers: A Case Study of Residential Quality Evaluation. Journal of Geographical Systems 7(2): 249-268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Meng, L. (2005): Ego centres of mobile users and egocentric map design. In L. Meng, A. Zipf, and T. Reichenbacher (eds.) Map-based Mobile Services. Theories, Methods and Implementations. Berlin: SpringerGoogle Scholar
  30. Miller, H.J. (2003): What about people in geographic information science? Computers, Environment and Urban Systems27(5): 447-453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mountain D., and Raper, J. (2001): Positioning techniques for location-based services (LBS): characteristics and limitations of proposed solutions. Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives 53(10): 404-412.Google Scholar
  32. Myles, G., Friday, A., and Davies, N. (2003): Preserving Privacy in Environments with Location-Based Applications. IEEE Pervasive Computing 2(1): 56-64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Peng, Z.-R., and Tsou, M.-H. (2003): Internet GIS: Distributed Geographic Information Services for the Internet and Wireless Networks.Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  34. Pundt, H., and Brinkkötter-Runde, K. (2000): Visualization of spatial data for field based GIS. Computers & Geosciences 26(1): 51-56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Raubal, M., and Rinner, C. (2004): Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for Location Based Services. In S.A. Brandt (ed.) Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Geoinformatics, pp. 47-53.Google Scholar
  36. Rinner, C., and Malczewski, J. (2002): Web-enabled spatial decision analysis using Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA). Journal of Geographical Systems 4(4): 385-403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rinner, C. (2003): Web-based Spatial Decision Support: Status and Research Directions. Journal of Geographic Information and Decision Analysis 7(1): 14-31.Google Scholar
  38. Rinner, C., and Raubal, M. (2004): Personalized Multi-Criteria Decision Strategies in Location-based Decision Support. Journal of Geographic Information Sciences 10(2): 149-156.Google Scholar
  39. Rinner, C., and Malczewski, J. (2005): Exploring multicriteria decision strategies in GIS with linguistic quantifiers: A case study of residential quality evaluation. Journal of Geographical Systems 7: 249–268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Rinner, C., Raubal, M., and Spigel, B. (2005): User Interface Design for Location-Based Decision Services. In Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Geoinformatics, 17-19 August 2005, Toronto, Canada.Google Scholar
  41. Rinner, C., and Taranu, J. (2006): Map-Based Exploratory Evaluation of Non-Medical Determinants of Population Health. Transactions in GIS 10(4): 633-649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rinner, C. (in press): A Geographic Visualization Approach to Multi-Criteria Evaluation of Urban Quality of Life. International Journal of Geographical Information Science Google Scholar
  43. Sarjakowski, L.T., and Nivala, A.-M. (2005): Adaptation to Context – A Way to Improve the Usability of Mobile Maps. In L. Meng, A. Zipf, and T. Reichenbacher (eds.) Map-based Mobile Services. Theories, Methods and Implementations. Berlin: SpringerGoogle Scholar
  44. Simon, H.A. (1977): The New Science of Management Decision, Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 3rd editionGoogle Scholar
  45. Smith, J., Mackaness, W., Kealy, A., and Williamson, I. (2004): Spatial Data Infrastructure Requirements for Mobile Location Based Journey Planning. Transactions in GIS 8(1): 23-44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Spinney, J.E. (2003): Mobile positioning and LBS applications. Geography 88(4): 256-265.Google Scholar
  47. Winter, S. (2002): Modeling Costs of Turns in Route Planning. GeoInformatica 6(4): 345-361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Winter, S., Pontikakis, E., and Raubal, M. (2001): LBS for Real-Time Navigation - A Scenario. GeoInformatics 4(4): 6-9.Google Scholar
  49. Yager, R.R. (1988): On ordered weighted averaging aggregation operators in multi-criteria decision making. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics18(1):183-190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Zipf, A. (2002a): Adaptive context-aware mobility support for tourists. In Trends & Controversies: Intelligent Systems for Tourism. IEEE Intelligent Systems 17(6): 57-59.Google Scholar
  51. Zipf, A. (2002b): User-Adaptive Maps for Location-Based Services (LBS) for Tourism. In K. Wöber, A. Frew, M. Hitz (eds.) Proceedings of the 9th International Conference for Information and Communication Technologies in Tourism, Innsbruck, Austria. Berlin: Springer. Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  52. Zipf, A. (2003): Forschungsfragen zur benutzer- und kontextangepassten Kartengenerierung für mobile Systeme. Kartographische Nachrichten 1/2003: 6-11.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claus Rinner
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyRyerson UniversityCanada

Personalised recommendations