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Magnetic Orientation

Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 89)

Abstract

Magnetic orientation arises from the anisotropic magnetic energy of substances. Because of this anisotropy, a substance receives torque in a magnetic field, orienting to the direction where its magnetic energy is minimum. A single molecule or ion barely undergoes magnetic orientation since its anisotropic magnetic energy is negligibly small compared with the thermal energy at room temperature. Aggregates or assemblies having ordered structures, however, do undergo magnetic orientation since their anisotropic magnetic energy exceeds the thermal energy at room temperature. Magnetic orientation is currently a very useful technique for industrial applications.

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