Polymer Nanocomposites

Part of the Springer Laboratory book series (SPLABORATORY)


Polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) are a relatively new class of materials in which nanofillers – which have at least one dimension in the range of 1–100 nm – are dispersed in a polymer matrix. Due to the nanoscale of the fillers, TEM has largely been used for studies of morphological and micromechanical deformations in these materials. In this chapter we discuss representative polymer nanocomposites in relation to the dimensionality of the nanofiller (i.e. 0-D, 1-D, 2-D or 3-D nanofillers). The morphologies and deformation mechanisms of PNCs with POSS molecules, carbon nanotubes, layered silicates and SiO2 nanoparticles are shown with EM. An example of a PNC of PMMA with ~25-nm SiO2 nanoparticles showed excellent transparency and enhanced fracture toughness up to 20 wt% of filler. The dominant mechanism for improved fracture toughness was shown to be “nanoparticle modulated crazes”.


Layered Silicate Polymer Nanocomposites Interparticle Distance Solar Sail Plastic Deformation Zone 
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