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Phospholipase C-Coupled Receptors and Activation of TRPC Channels

  • M. Trebak
  • L. Lemonnier
  • J. T. Smyth
  • G. Vazquez
  • J. W. PutneyJr.
Part of the Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology book series (HEP, volume 179)

Abstract

The canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) cation channels are mammalian homologs of the photoreceptor channel TRP in Drosophila melanogaster. All seven TRPCs (TRPC1 through TRPC7) can be activated through Gq/11 receptors or receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) by mechanisms downstream of phospholipase C. The last decade saw a rapidly growing interest in understanding the role of TRPC channels in calcium entry pathways as well as in understanding the signal(s) responsible for TRPC activation. TRPC channels have been proposed to be activated by a variety of signals including store depletion, membrane lipids, and vesicular insertion into the plasma membrane. Here we discuss recent developments in the mode of activation as well as the pharmacological and electrophysiological properties of this important and ubiquitous family of cation channels.

Keywords

Ion channels TRPC channels Nonselective cation channel Store-operated channel Phospholipase C 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Trebak
    • 1
  • L. Lemonnier
    • 1
  • J. T. Smyth
    • 1
  • G. Vazquez
    • 1
  • J. W. PutneyJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Signal Transduction, Department of Health and Human ServicesNational Institute of Environmental Health Sciences—NIHResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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