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Tools for Wetland Ecosystem Resource Management in East Africa: Focus on the Lake Victoria Papyrus Wetlands

  • Steven Loiselle
  • Andres Cózar
  • Anne van Dam
  • Frank Kansiime
  • Peter Kelderman
  • Matt Saunders
  • Silvio Simonit
Chapter
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 190)

6.7 Conclusion

Lake Victoria is an ecological and economic resource of primary value. The wetlands that cover much of the lake shoreline provide a fundamental service in maintaining water quality, fisheries productivity and local meteorology. The management and maintenance of these papyrus wetlands are basic for any hope of controlling or reversing the eutrophication of the lake waters, in particular in the vital inshore area where fisheries are most important. In these areas, the presence of coastal wetlands strongly influences the optical and trophic characteristics of the inshore waters. Local water and energy exchanges are also strongly influenced by wetland conditions. The role of latent heat exchange in maintaining the micro-meteorological of the local watershed is influenced by the wetland vegetation and extension.

In conclusion, we have shown that uncontrolled reclamation or disturbance to these wetland ecosystems can have a significantly negative impact on the quality of Lake Victoria and its resources. In the future, when pressure on the lake ecosystem from development and population growth will no doubt increase, the littoral wetlands will become even more important, as will the understanding of their limits and functions. It is clear that any management of the lake resources will have to consider the littoral wetland and watershed activities in an integrated manner, considering the ecological and economic links that tie these systems together.

Keywords

Photosynthetic Active Radiation Eddy Covariance Wetland Vegetation Nile Perch Water Vapour Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Loiselle
    • 1
  • Andres Cózar
    • 1
  • Anne van Dam
    • 2
  • Frank Kansiime
    • 3
  • Peter Kelderman
    • 2
  • Matt Saunders
    • 4
  • Silvio Simonit
    • 5
  1. 1.Dipartimento Scienze e Tecnologie ChimicheUniversity of SienaSienaItaly
  2. 2.UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water EducationDelftThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Institute of Environment & Natural ResourcesMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda
  4. 4.Department of BotanyTrinity CollegeDublinIreland
  5. 5.Environment DepartmentUniversity of YorkYorkUK

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