Agent Based Risk Management Methods for Speculative Actions
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In multiagent systems, a cooperative action requires the mutual agreement of multiple agents which is generally achieved by exchanging messages. Any delay in message transfer will, however, delay the realization of agreement, and this may reduce the effectiveness of the cooperative action. One solution is to use speculative actions, actions taken before agreement is reached with the goal being to ”lock in” the benefits of the cooperative action; its downside is the penalty incurred in unwinding the speculative actions if indeed the agents do not reach agreement. In this framework, we have two risks; the risk of losing the benefits of the cooperative action and the risk of unwinding the speculative actions. It is clear that some form of risk management is needed. In this paper, we propose two risk management methods, the hybrid method and the leveled method, which are viewed as a single agent approach and a multiagent approach, respectively. We discuss their advantages using the meeting room reservation problem.
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