Evaluation of Transaction Risks of Mean Variance Model Under Identical Variance of the Rate of Return – Simulation in Artificial Market
Mean Variance (MV) model has spread through institutional investors as one of the most typical diversified investment model. MV model defines the investment risks with the variance of the rate of return. Therefore, if any variances of two portfolios are equal, MV model will judge that the investment risks are identical. However, even if variances are equal, two different risk cases will occur. One is just depended on market volume. The other is fully depended on speculators who raise stock prices when institutional investors are purchasing stocks. Consequently, the latter makes institutional investors pay excessive transaction costs. Development of ABM (Agent Based Modeling) in recent years makes it possible to analyze this kind of problem by simulation. In this paper, we formulate a financial market model where institutional investors and speculators trade twenty stocks simultaneously. Results of simulation show that even if variances are equal, investment risks are not identical.
KeywordsStock Market Transaction Cost Institutional Investor Market Spot Identical Variance
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