State Estimation and Tracking Problems: A Comparison Between Kalman Filter and Recurrent Neural Networks
The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the suitability of recurrent neural networks (RNN) for state estimation and tracking problems that are traditionally solved using Kalman Filters (KF). This paper details a simulation study in which the performance of a basic discrete time KF is compared with that of an equivalent neural filter built using an RNN. Real time recurrent learning (RTRL) algorithm is used to train the RNN. The neural network is found to provide comparable performance to that of the KF in both the state estimation and tracking problems. The relative merits and demerits of KF vs RNN are discussed with respect to computational complexity, ease of training and real time issues.
KeywordsRecurrent Neural Network KF Real time recurrent learning Tracking State estimation
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