A Survey of Formal Methods Courses in European Higher Education

  • J. N. Oliveira
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3294)


This paper presents a survey of formal methods courses in European higher education carried out by the FME Subgroup on Education over the last two years. The survey data sample is made of 117 courses spreading over 58 higher-education institutions across 13 European countries and involving (at least) 91 academic staff.

A total number of 364 websites have been browsed which are accessible from the electronic (HTML) version of the paper in the form of links to course websites, lecturers and topic entries in encyclopedias or virtual libraries.

Three main projections of our sample are briefly analysed. Although far from being fully representative, these already provide some useful indicators about the impact of formal methods in European curricula on computing.


Formal Method Academic Staff Functional Programming Virtual Library Effective Answer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. N. Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.The Formal Methods Europe Association 

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