This volume reports the results of the fourth campaign of the Cross Language Evaluation Forum (CLEF). This campaign consisted of a number of comparative evaluations for multilingual systems (and system components) performing document retrieval (on open-domain or domain-specific collections, and involving both batch and interactive systems), and for cross-language question answering, image and spoken document retrieval.


Image Retrieval Question Answering Document Retrieval Text Retrieval Multilingual Text 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julio Gonzalo
    • 1
  • Carol Peters
    • 2
  1. 1.UNEDMadridSpain
  2. 2.ISTI-CNRPisaItaly

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