How to Model Visual Knowledge: A Study of Expertise in Oil-Reservoir Evaluation

  • Mara Abel
  • Laura S. Mastella
  • Luís A. Lima Silva
  • John A. Campbell
  • Luis Fernando De Ros
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3180)


This work presents a study of the nature of expertise in geology, which demands visual recognition methods to describe and interpret petroleum reservoir rocks. In an experiment using rock ima ges we noted and analyzed how geologists with distinct levels of expertise described them. The study demonstrated that experts develop a wide variety of representations and hierarchies, which differ from those found in the domain literature. They also reta in a large number of symbolic abstractions for images. These abstractions (which we call visual chunks) play an important role in guiding the inference process and integrating collections of tacit knowledge of the geological experts. We infer from our experience that the knowledge acquisition process in this domain should consider that inference and domain objects are parts of distinct ontologies. A special representation formalism, kgraphs+, is proposed as a tool to model the objects that support the infer ence and how they are related to the domain ontology.


Knowledge acquisition knowledge representation expertise visual knowledge petroleum exploration 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mara Abel
    • 1
  • Laura S. Mastella
    • 1
  • Luís A. Lima Silva
    • 1
  • John A. Campbell
    • 2
  • Luis Fernando De Ros
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de InformáticaFederal University of Rio Grande do Sul UFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Dept of Computer ScienceUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Instituto de GeociênciasFederal University of Rio Grande do Sul UFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil

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