The previous chapter has shown that a wide range of current knowledge infrastructures exists. The infrastructures differ significantly in the way that they represent and manipulate scientific knowledge. Online journals, for example structure knowledge in the form of individual, largely self-contained articles. Encyclopedias, in contrast, focus on the integration of different pieces of knowledge and on their relationships. Moreover, most online journals and encyclopedias treat knowledge as something that can be stored independently of author and reader. However, collaboratories and online forums view knowledge as arising in the context of ill-structured communication processes and as something that is not independent of the individual.
KeywordsScientific Knowledge Scientific Concept Scientific Practice Online Environment Theoretical Term
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