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Familiäre Einkommensarmut und kindlicher Bildungserfolg

  • Michael Gebel
Chapter

Zusammenfassung

In der soziologischen Forschungstradition gilt der Zusammenhang zwischen familiärem Hintergrund, individuellem Bildungserfolg und folglich dem späteren Karriereerfolg als gesichert (Blau und Duncan 1967; Müller 1975). Dieser über Bildung vermittelte Nexus zwischen sozialer Herkunft und späteren Lebenschancen wird als Zeichen mangelnder sozialer Mobilität interpretiert. Empirische Analysen zu diesen Zusammenhängen des Bildungs- und Statuserwerbs operationalisieren den familiären Hintergrund in der Regel mittels der sozialen Klassenposition oder des sozioökonomischen Status der Eltern. Die Klassenbzw. Statusposition wird als zeitlich relativ konstantes Konstrukt gesehen und häufig auch als Konzeptionalisierung des permanenten Einkommens verstanden (Hauser und Warren 1997). Zudem wird angenommen, dass die Familie die passende konzeptionelle Einheit der Stratifizierungsforschung ist und die Klassenposition aller Familienmitglieder wird derjenigen des, häufig männlichen, Familienernährers gleichgesetzt (Erikson 1984; Erikson und Goldthorpe 1992).

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© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2011

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  • Michael Gebel

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