Institutional constraints on cross-national differences in occupational sex segregation
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As underlined in previous chapters, the distribution of women and men across occupations and hierarchical positions will differ across countries, as these vary with respect to educational, economic, political and cultural factors. These different institutional arrangements may shape resources, and influence preferences of individuals for a specific occupation or position as well as of employers for a specific applicant (Chafetz 1990, Molm 1993, Charles and Grusky 2004). Even though the above described interdependence between individual occupational choices and the institutional context is obvious, it has rarely been examined empirically. Prior comparative studies, frequently, content themselves with descriptive analyses of the relation between sex segregation indices and selected macro-level factors (see, for example Estévez-Abe 2005).
KeywordsLabour Market Male Occupation Institutional Constraint Employment Protection Legislation Gender Culture
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