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Gerechter Krieg und himmlische Ordnung. Chinesischer Realismus zwischen Relativismus und Universalismus

  • Nadine Godehardt
  • Oliver W. Lembcke

Zusammenfassung

In den gegenwärtigen Diskursen über die Zukunft der internationalen Staatengemeinschaft nimmt China mittlerweile eine Schlüsselrolle ein. Als etablierte Ordnungsmacht in Ostasien weitet die Volksrepublik ihren Einflussbereich systematisch auf andere Regionen der Welt (Afrika, Naher Osten) aus, begleitet von einem intensivierten Engagement in den Internationalen Organisationen (UNO, WTO). Diese Entwicklung ist von der Literatur nicht unbeachtet geblieben. In zahlreichen Analysen ist dabei vor allem die „realistische“ Ausrichtung der chinesischen Außenpolitik herausgestrichen worden, die sich hauptsächlich an den drei folgenden Interessenlagen ablesen lässt: erstens der Bedeutung der territorialen Integrität (Tibet, Xinjiang) und nationalen Identität (Taiwan) im Rahmen der One China Policy, zweitens an dem von China stets hervorgehobenen Grundsatz der in der UN-Charta verbrieften staatlichen Souveränität, verstanden als Schutzschild gegen Interventionsbestrebungen von außen (Gill/Reilly 2000), sowie drittens an der Ablehnung einer „westlichen“ Deutungshoheit über die Ausrichtung der chinesischen Politik zugunsten eines kulturellen Selbstverständnisses in ethischen Grundfragen für eine „harmonische Gesellschaft“ (Lam 2004; Yang 2007).

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Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadine Godehardt
  • Oliver W. Lembcke

There are no affiliations available

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