Competitive Global Patronages
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The end of the twentieth century, with its collapse of the Soviet Union and political changes in Central and Eastern Europe, has seen unprecedented growth in international arts patronage, NGOs and culture networks that have attempted to support art in societies in transition. Whilst some researchers are inclined to see the corporate sponsorship of art as a business transaction — a temporary alliance that allows patronage of art in mutually beneficial and, hopefully, ethical way — the partnership between artists and NGOs is often perceived to be inherently ethical and ideology-free. However, as a selective process that is aware of marketability of current social issues, it is arguable that the NGO funding can also have a pre-determined agenda. Such global patronages had (and still have) certain impact on the complex societal change in most countries of SE Europe after 1991.
KeywordsOpen Society Caspian Basin Exxon Mobil Country Code Regional Headquarters
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