Corruptive Patterns of Patronage
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The collapse of the totalitarian regimes on the Balkans (Romania, Bulgaria, ex Yugoslavia, Albania) challenged immensely the old system of state-party patronage and its patron-client relations. They had to re-define in the framework of a chaotically shaping market environment and new power dependences. We could brief here the following more significant shifts: from militant (quasi —institutional) —to quango types of patronage; from old party monopolist —to free market (political) organizations; from state controlled church (es) —to liberalization of religious life; from old party bureaucracy (nomenclature) —to its decentralization etc. These structural changes have also influenced the old type of cadre loyalties. The latter flew into the mainstream of some instrumental pragmatism: looser dependence on the state, less even to its frustrated institutions,“alternative”patronage of the emerging new corporative structures, or independent small and family businesses.
KeywordsOrganize Crime Public Procurement State Capture External Audit Balkan Country
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