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Strukturierung des transnationalen Raumes: Kann Europa dem multinationalen Kapital die Stirn bieten?

Chapter

Auszug

In diesem Beitrag geht es mir um das Spannungsfeld zwischen ökonomischer „Globalisierung“ (wie wir alle wissen, ein ungenauer und umstrittener Begriff) und bestehenden Formen der Arbeitsregulierung auf nationaler Ebene. Zu diesem Zweck beziehe ich mich auf einige neuere Ansätze in der international vergleichenden politischen Ökonomie und wende diese auf die Europäische Union als spezifischem Untersuchungsfeld an. Zunächst werde ich den Konflikt zwischen neoliberaler Globalisierung und den vorherrschenden Regulationsprozessen des „Sozialen Europas“ grob skizzieren. Im Vordergrund steht dabei die Rolle des multinationalen Kapitals innerhalb nationalspezifischer „Nachkriegskompromisse“ zwischen Regierungen, Gewerkschaften und Arbeitgebern. In einem zweiten Schritt ziehe ich die Verbindung zum gegenwärtigen „Brüsseler Konsens“, der durch die alles überragende Priorität der Wettbewerbsfähigkeit und eines „Sozialen Europa light“ geprägt ist. Danach gehe ich der Frage nach, ob, in Anlehnung an (1982), ein „eingebetteter Liberalismus“ eine Option für Europa darstellt; und schließlich zeige ich weitere Alternativen des Widerstands auf.

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Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)UK

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