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Jenseits der Grenzen des Wandels

  • Hein MaraisEmail author
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Zusammenfassung

Als sich der südafrikanische Winter im August 2012 dem Ende näherte, liefen schockierende Bilder um die Welt. Sie zeigten die südafrikanische Polizei, die auf demonstrierende Arbeiter schoss. Die Arbeiter hatten für höhere Löhne in den Platingruben im Nordwesten des Landes gestreikt. Das alles wirkte absurd, geradezu anachronistisch. Einen solchen Gewaltexzess hatte man immer mit dem Apartheidregime in Verbindung gebracht, nicht aber mit dem Südafrika der Postapartheid. Die schwer bewaffnete Polizei feuerte am 16. August mit Faustfeuerwaffen und Selbstladegewehren in eine Gruppe schwarzer Bergleute und machte dafür Notwehr geltend. 34 Arbeiter wurden getötet, 78 verwundet. Es stellte sich später heraus, dass die meisten Arbeiter unbewaffnet waren und dass zwölf in einem Hinterhalt der Polizei niedergeschossen worden waren. Später wurde festgestellt, dass mehrere Opfer in den Rücken geschossen worden waren, einige von ihnen mehrmals (Marinovich 2012). Zehn weitere Menschen, einschließlich Polizisten und privates Sicherheitspersonal, waren bereits in der vorhergegangenen Woche getötet worden. Die Polizei nahm zudem hunderte der Überlebenden fest. Viele berichteten, dass sie im Gewahrsam gefoltert wurden. Vertreter der Anklagebehörde versuchten ein Gesetz der Apartheidära heranzuziehen, um 270 der ArbeiterInnen für die Ermordung ihrer Kollegen – die in Wahrheit von der Polizei erschossen worden waren (BBC 2012) – verantwortlich zu machen. Später zogen sie ihre Anschuldigungen zurück.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.GeneveSchweiz

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