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Die südafrikanische Unternehmensstruktur und ihre Abhängigkeit vom Minerals-Energy-Complex

  • Luciana HachmannEmail author
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Zusammenfassung

Die strukturellen Merkmale der Großkonzerne sind eine wichtige Dimension des Entwicklungspfads eines Landes und seiner Eingliederung in den globalen Markt. Allerdings kann die Dominanz weniger, auf spezifische Wirtschaftszweige fokussierter Konglomerate, wie es in Südafrika der Fall ist, ein Entwicklungshemmnis darstellen. Die Literatur, die sich mit dem Zusammenhang zwischen Unternehmenskontrolle und wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung beschäftigt, ist zwar im Wachsen begriffen, bleibt in Bezug auf Südafrika jedoch eingeschränkt und veraltet (siehe Chabane et al. 2006). Dieser Beitrag versucht, auf diese spezielle Debatte näher einzugehen. Ziel ist es, die südafrikanische Unternehmensstruktur zu untersuchen, angesichts der Herausforderung, die andauernde Abhängigkeit vom Minerals-Energy Complex (MEC) zu überwinden. Der von Fine und Rustomjee (1996) für die Analyse der südafrikanischen Volkswirtschaft entwickelte konzeptionelle Rahmen des MEC konzentriert sich auf eine Reihe von nationalen wirtschaftlichen Aktivitäten im Bergbau, die jedoch wesentlich mit einem Netz von Zuliefer- und Versorgungsindustrie verknüpft sind. Relevant sind insbesondere die immer größere Rolle des Finanzsektors und das Verhältnis zwischen Staat und Kapital bei der Vernetzung von wirtschaftsübergreifenden Unternehmenskonglomeraten.

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.KasselDeutschland

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