The semantic content of the concept of barbarism was transformed in the Enlightenment era. It took on new meanings, becoming more multifaceted and complex. To gain an initial impression of the scope of these changes, it seems apposite to consult eighteenth-century dictionaries and encyclopedias. Comparison of dictionary entries from the early eighteenth century with those written towards the end of this era is particularly informative. The differences are significant.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Moser
  • Julian Reidy

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