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Diskursive Psychologie und Diskursanalyse

  • Jonathan Potter

Zusammenfassung

Unter Diskursiver Psychologie versteht man die Anwendung diskursanalytischer Perspektiven auf zentrale Themen und Gegenstände der Psychologie. Es handelt sich dabei nicht um eine Psychologie der Sprache, sondern um eine Herangehensweise an Sprache und Psychologie, für die sowohl der Aspekt der Handlungsorientiertheit von Diskursen als auch die in Diskursen stattfindenden Prozesse der Realitätskonstruktion grundlegend sind. Im Unterschied zum kognitiven Paradigma der Psychologie, das Verhalten auf der Grundlage der Informationsverarbeitung von Wahrnehmungs-Inputs darstellt (z.B. Fiske/Taylor 1991), zielt das Narrativ der Diskursiven Psychologie auf die Aktivitäten, die durch Diskurse — als Bestandteile situierter Praktiken — vollzogen werden (Edwards/Potter 1992). Während die kognitionsbezogenen Theorien und Methoden von der Voraussetzung einer Realität ‚dort draußen‘ ausgehen, die den Input für kognitive Operationen liefert, konzentriert sich die Diskursive Psychologie darauf, wie Akteure, die ihren unterschiedlichen praktischen Aufgaben nachgehen, dabei sowohl ‚Realität‘ als auch ‚Bewußtsein‘ (mind)2 sprachlich-begrifflich konstruieren.3 Sie lehnt den Einsatz von Experimenten, Umfragen sowie der meisten Interviewformen ab und präferiert die genaue empirische Analyse von Aufzeichnungen natürlicher Interaktionen.

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Copyright information

© Leske + Budrich, Opladen 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Potter

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