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Ritualtheorien pp 173-190 | Cite as

Das Ritual in pluralistischen Gesellschaften

  • Jan Platvoet

Zusammenfassung

In der Religionswissenschaft gibt es kaum Ritualtheorien. In der Ethnologie und Kulturanthropologie gibt es zwar viele, aber sie sind, meine ich, sowohl undifferenziert als auch verwirrend. Bei keiner der beiden ist Ritualtheorie jedoch auf das Ritualverhalten in Situationen kultureller und/oder religiöser Pluralität erweitert worden, d.h. in Situationen, wo Gruppen, die in einer Gesellschaft zusammenleben, Ritualverhalten benutzen, um ihre verschiedenen Identitäten, ihre Grenzen, ihre Konflikte, Indifferenz und Achtung füreinander auszudrücken.2 Dieser Artikel versucht eine Ritualtheorie zu entwickeln, die auch auf kulturelle und religiöse Pluralität angewendet werden kann. Er beinhaltet zwei Teile. Im ersten Teil wird eine provisorische Operationelle „Ritual“-Definition entwickelt, die weit genug ist, um religiöses wie auch säkulares Ritualverhalten zu beschreiben. Die Definition soll als allgemeines heuristisches Werkzeug zur Erforschung rituellen Verhaltens dienen. Im zweiten Teil präzisiere ich diese Definition für die Anwendung auf Situationen religiösen Pluralismus und religiöser Pluralität.

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© Westdeutscher Verlag GmbH, Opladen/Wiesbaden 1998

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  • Jan Platvoet

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