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Zur Wahl des repräsentierten Raumausschnitts beim Aufbau mentaler Modelle während der Textrezeption

  • Barbara Kaup
  • Stephanie Kelter
  • Christopher Habel
  • Constanze Clauser
Part of the Studien zur Kognitionswissenschaft book series (SZKW)

Zusammenfassung

Nach der Theorie mentaler Modelle (z.B. Garnham, 1987; Glenberg & Langston, 1992; Johnson-Laird, 1983) wird beim Textverstehen zusätzlich zu Repräsentationen der sprachlichen Oberfläche und des propositionalen Textgehalts auch eine Repräsentation des im Text geschilderten Sachverhalts aufgebaut (“mentales Modell”). Das Bilden eines mentalen Modells macht nach Johnson-Laird Textverstehen aus (Johnson-Laird, 1983, S. 415ff). Zur Begründung, warum zusätzlich zu der Ebene propositionaler Textrepräsentationen eine Ebene der Sachverhaltsrepräsentationen postuliert wird, verweist Johnson-Laird (1983) vor allem auf zwei Funktionen (vgl. auch Johnson-Laird, 1989): (1) Die Sachverhaltsrepräsentation, die zu einem Textsegment gebildet wird, liefert den Kontext für die Interpretation des nachfolgenden Textsegments, insbesondere für die Referenzauflösung, indem sie stellvertretende “Tokens” für die Entitäten der Diskurswelt bereithält, und (2) Sachverhaltsrepräsentationen ermöglichen es, sprachliche Information mit nichtsprachlich erworbenem Wissen bzw. aktuell Wahrgenommenem in Beziehung zu setzen oder zu integrieren, da sie im Prinzip von derselben Art sind wie Repräsentationen, die bei nichtsprachlichen kognitiven Tätigkeiten aufgebaut werden. Es gibt demnach eine Repräsentationsebene, die als gemeinsame Projektionsfläche für sprachliche und nichtsprachliche Information fungiert: Die Repräsentationen auf dieser Ebene “... relate words to the world by way of conception and perception” (Johnson-Laird, 1983, S. 397).

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Copyright information

© Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag GmbH, Wiesbaden 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barbara Kaup
  • Stephanie Kelter
  • Christopher Habel
  • Constanze Clauser

There are no affiliations available

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