Advertisement

Form and Substance: Knowledge Representation by Thesauri

  • Ernst Buchberger

Abstract

Starting from general observations on form and substance, we take a closer look at knowledge representation and how this field has been treated in Artificial Intelligence research. We argue for directing more attention to the ‘substance’ of knowledge and find similar views expressed in Lenat and Guha’s (Building Large Knowledge-Based Systems. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1989). Contrary to their view, however, we argue for not dismissing prior work like research concerning thesauri, and stress the importance of an interdisciplinary and intercultural approach in general. We also note some caveats and observations concerning the distinction between representing the world and its representation by means of language.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bateson, G., 1972: Steps to an Ecology of Mind. New York. BallantineGoogle Scholar
  2. Borges, J. L., 1981: El Aleph. 10th ed. Madrid: AlianzaGoogle Scholar
  3. Borges, J. L., 1975: El Libro de Arena. Buenos Aires: EmeceGoogle Scholar
  4. Brachman, R. J., 1983: What ISA Is and Isn’t: An Analysis of Taxonomic Links in Semantic Networks. IEEE Comput October, pp. 67–73Google Scholar
  5. Brown, G. S., 1969: Laws of Form. London: Allen and UnwinGoogle Scholar
  6. Browning, D. C. (ed.), 1979: Roget’s Thesaurus, The Everyman Edition. 10th printing. London: PanGoogle Scholar
  7. Buchberger, E.; Steinacker, I.; Trappl R.; Trost, H.; Leinfellner, E., 1982: VIE-LANG-A German Language Understanding System. In: Cybernetics and Systems Research, ed. R. Trappl, pp. 851–856. Amsterdam: North-HollandGoogle Scholar
  8. Carroll, J. B. (ed.), 1956: Language, Thought and Reality. Cambridge, MA: The MIT PressGoogle Scholar
  9. Conklin, J., 1987: Hypertext: An Introduction and Survey. IEEE Computer 20 (9), pp. 17–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Eco, U., 1977: Zeichen, Einführung in einen Begriff und seine Geschichte. Frankfurt/Main: SuhrkampGoogle Scholar
  11. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1977: 15th ed.Google Scholar
  12. Guha, R. V.; Lenat, D. B., 1991: CYC: A Mid-Term Report. In: Artificial Intelligence: Future, Impacts, Challenges, ed. R. Trappl (special issue of Applied Artificial Intelligence )Google Scholar
  13. I Ging (translated by R. Wilhelm), 1985: 12th ed. Köln: DiederichsGoogle Scholar
  14. Laird, C. G. (ed.), 1971: Collins New World Thesaurus. London: CollinsGoogle Scholar
  15. Leinfellner, E.; Leinfellner, W., 1978: Ontologie, Systemtheorie und Semantik.Berlin: Duncker und HumblotGoogle Scholar
  16. Lenat, D. B.; Guha, R. V., 1989: Building Large Knowledge-Based Systems, Representation and Inference in the CYC Project. Reading, MA: Addison-WesleyGoogle Scholar
  17. Lévi-Strauss, C., 1962: La pensée sauvage. Paris: Librairie PlonGoogle Scholar
  18. Mauthner, F., 1980: Wörterbuch der Philosophie. Vol. 1. Zürich: DiogenesGoogle Scholar
  19. Minsky, M., 1970: Form and Content in Computer Science. Journal of the ACM 17 (2), pp. 197–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Nielsen, J., 1990: The Art of Navigating through Hypertext. Communications of the ACM 33 (3), pp. 296–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ortega y Gasset, J., 1948: Miseria y Esplendor de la Traduccion. Madrid: Revista de OccidenteGoogle Scholar
  22. Snow, C.P., 1964: The Two Cultures and A Second Look. 2nd ed., reprint. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
  23. Trappl, R., 1986: Reducing International Tension through Artificial Intelligence: A Proposal for 3 Projects. In: Power, Autonomy, Utopia: New Approaches Towards Complex Systems, ed. R. Trappl, pp. 97–103. New York: PlenumGoogle Scholar
  24. Trappl, R.; Leinfellner, E.; Steinacker, I.; Trost, H., 1982: Ontology and Semantics in the Computer. In: Language and Ontology, Proc. 6th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Wien: Hölder-Pichler-TempskyGoogle Scholar
  25. Whorf, B. L., 1984: Sprache - Denken - Wirklichkeit. Reinbek bei Hamburg: RowohltGoogle Scholar
  26. Wilks, Y., 1972: Grammar, Meaning and the Machine Analysis of Language. London: Routledge and Kegan PaulGoogle Scholar
  27. Wittgenstein, L., 1978: Tractatus logico-philosophicus. 13th ed.Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp. (Translation by Pears, D. F., McGuinness, B. F., 1961: London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. )Google Scholar
  28. Woods, W. A., 1975: What’s in a Link: Foundations for Semantic Networks. In: Representation and Understanding: Studies in Cognitive Science, eds. D. G. Bobrow, A. Collins. New York: Academic PressGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Westdeutscher Verlag GmbH, Opladen 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst Buchberger

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations