Advertisement

Die Ausdehnung des Netzes sozialer Kontrolle durch Diversion

  • Thomas G. Blomberg
  • R. Jeanine Blomberg

Zusammenfassung

Entsprechend den Empfehlungen, die 1967 von der “President’s Commission” zur Problematik von Jugenddelinquenz und Jugendkriminalität vorgelegt wurden, entwickelte sich das Konzept der Diversion in den Vereinigten Staaten zu einer nationalen Reformstrategie mit dem Ziel, Prävention und Kontrolle von Jugenddelinquenz sicherzustellen. Diversion sollte dazu beitragen, die Kontakte von -jugendlichen Delinquenten mit dem formellen Jugendgerichtssystem zu reduzieren. Dies sollte entweder dadurch erreicht werden, daß betreffende Jugendliche an Einrichtungen überwiesen werden, die nicht Bestandteil des Jugendgerichtssystem sind, oder auch dadurch, daß gegenüber solchen Jugendlichen mit informellen Maßnahmen seitens des Jugendgerichtspersonals reagiert wird. Diversionsmaßnahmen können dabei an beliebiger Stelle zwischen Festnahme eines Jugendlichen, Überstellung an das Jugendgericht und richterlichem Urteil zur Anwendung kommen. Die finanzielle Unterstützung derartiger Maßnahmen durch die “Law Enforcement Assistance Administration” führte zu einer staatenübergreifenden explosionsartigen Ausbreitung von Diversionsprogrammen.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Black, D./Reiss, A., Police control of juveniles. In: Americain Sociological Review, 15/1970, S. 63–77Google Scholar
  2. Blomberg, T., Diversion and accelerated social control. In: Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 68/1977, S. 274–282Google Scholar
  3. Blomberg, T., Widening the net: An anomaly in the evaluation of diversion programs. In: Klein, M./Teilmann, K. (eds.), Handbook of Criminal Justice Evaluation, Beverly Hills, California, Sage Publications, 1980Google Scholar
  4. Bohnstedt, R., Answers to three questions about juvenile diversion. In: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 1978Google Scholar
  5. Cicourel, A., The social organization of juvenile justice, New York, John Wiley, 1968Google Scholar
  6. Ferdinand, T./Luchterhand, E., Inner city youth, the police, the juvenile court and justice. In: Social Problems, 18/ 1962, S. 510–527Google Scholar
  7. Fishman, R., Criminal recidivism in New York City: An evaluation of the impact of rehabilitation and diversion services, New York, Praeger, 1977Google Scholar
  8. Gold, M./Williams, J., The effect of getting caught. Apprehension of the juvenile offenders as a cause of subsequent delinquencies. In: Prospectus, 3/1969, S. 1–12Google Scholar
  9. Goldman, N., The differential selection of juvenile offenders for court appearance, National Council on Crime and Delinquency, Washington D.C., 1963Google Scholar
  10. Hackler, J., Logical reasoning versus unanticipated consequences: Diversion programs as an illustration, Ottawa Law Review, 1976Google Scholar
  11. Hagan, J., The labeling perspective, the delinquent, and the police. In: Canadian Journal of Criminology and Corrections, 14/1972, S. 150–165Google Scholar
  12. Hylton, J., Community corrections and social control: A Canadian perspective, Vortrag vor dem 110. Kongress der ‘American Correctional Association’, mimeo, 1980Google Scholar
  13. Klein, M., Alternative dispositions for juvenile offenders, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif., 1975Google Scholar
  14. Klein, M., Pivotal ingredients of.police juvenile diversion programs, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif., 1975Google Scholar
  15. Klein, M., Deinstitutionalization and diversion of juvenile offenders: A litany of impediments. In: Morris, N./Tonry, M. (eds.), Crime and Justice, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1979Google Scholar
  16. Kutchins, H./Kutchins, S., Pretrial diversionary programs: New expansion of law enforcement activity camouflaged as rehabilitation, Vortrag vor der Versammlung der Pacific Sociological Association1 in Hawaii, 1975Google Scholar
  17. Mahoney, A.R., The effect of labeling upon youths in the juvenile justice system: A review of the evidence. In: Law and Society Review, 8/1974, S. 583–614Google Scholar
  18. Martinson, R., What works? Questions and answers about prison reform. In: The Public Interest, 1974Google Scholar
  19. Mattingly, J./Katkin, D., The Youth Sercice Bureau: A reinvented wheel? Vortrag vor der Versammlung der ‘Society for the study of social problems’, San Francisco, 1975Google Scholar
  20. McEachern, A.W./Bauzer, R., Factors related to disposition in juvenile police contacts. In: Klein, M/Myeroff, B. (eds.), Juvenile gangs in context, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1967, S. 148–160Google Scholar
  21. Palmer, S., Martinson revisited. In: Crime and delinquency, 1976Google Scholar
  22. Piliavin, I./Briar, S., Police encounters with juveniles. In: American Journal of Sociology, 70/1964, S. 206–214Google Scholar
  23. President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice/National Crime Commission, Task force report: Juvenile Delinquency and Youth Crime, Washington D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967Google Scholar
  24. President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice/National Crime Commission, The challenge of crime in a free society, Washington D.C.,.U.S. Government Printing Office, ‘1967Google Scholar
  25. Public System Inc., California correctional system intake study, Sunnyvale, California, 1974Google Scholar
  26. Sarri, R., Juvenile aid panels: An alternative to juvenile court processing. In: Brantigham, S. /Blomberg, T. (eds.): Courts and Diversion: Policy and operation studies, Beverly Hills, Calif., Stage Publications, 1979Google Scholar
  27. State of California/Department of the Youth Authority: The evaluation of juvenile diversion programs: Survey of Diversion programs, Sacramento, Calif., November 1975Google Scholar
  28. State of California/Department of the Youth Authority, The evaluation of juvenile diversion programs: First Annual Report, Sacramento, Calif., September 1975Google Scholar
  29. Terry, R., Discrimination in the handling of juvenile offenders by social control agencies. In: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 4/1967, S. 218–230”Google Scholar
  30. Thomas, C./Sieverdes, Ch., Juvenile court intake: An analysis of discretionary decision-making. In: Criminology, 12/ 1975, S. 413–432Google Scholar
  31. Thornberry, T., Punishment and crime, the effect of legal dispositions on subsequent criminal behaviour, unveröffentlichte Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1971Google Scholar
  32. Thornberry, T., Race, socio-economic status and sentencing in the juvenile justice system. In: Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 64/1973, S. 90–98Google Scholar
  33. Tittle, CR., Book review of R. Fishman 1977 Criminal Recidivism in New York City. In: Contemporary Sociology, 1979Google Scholar
  34. Vorenberg, E./Vorenberg, J., Early diversion from the criminal justice system: Practice in search of a theory. In: Ohlin, K. (ed.), Prisoners in America, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice Hall, 1973Google Scholar
  35. Ward, R.H., The labeling theory: A critical Analysis. In: Criminology, 9/1971Google Scholar
  36. Wellford, Ch., Labeling theory and criminology. In: Social Problems, 22/1975, S. 332–345Google Scholar
  37. Williams, J./Gold, M., From delinquent behaviours to official delinquency. In: Social Problems, 20/1972, S. 209–227Google Scholar
  38. Wilson, M., What works? Revisited. In: The Public Interest, 1980Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Westdeutscher Verlag GmbH, Opladen 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas G. Blomberg
  • R. Jeanine Blomberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations