Advertisement

Verwarnung oder Anklage: Selektive Sanktionierung von jugendlichen Delinquenten durch die Londoner Polizei

  • Simha F. Landau
  • Gad Nathan

Zusammenfassung

In dieser Studie sollen die Einflüsse “rechtlicher” und “ausserrechtlicher” Variablen auf polizeiliches Sanktionsverhalten untersucht werden. Es geht dabei um die Frage, aufgrund welcher Maßstäbe die Londoner Polizei darüber entscheidet,:ob sie einen jugendlichen Delinquenten lediglich verwarnt oder ob sie ein Anklageverfahren beim Jugendgericht (juvenile court) gegen ihn einleitet. Um dieser Fragestellung nachgehen zu können, wurden solche Entscheidungen auf der Grundlage von insgesamt 1146 Fällen, die den Jugendpolizeistellen (juvenile bureau) in 5 Bezirken des London Metropolitan Police Districts gemeldet wurden, mit Methoden multivariater Datenanalyse geprüft. Dabei konnte festgestellt werden, daß zwar rechtliche Gesichtspunkte (wie z.B. Vorstrafe und Art des Delikts) die Hauptrolle innerhalb des polizeilichen Entscheidungsprozesses für eine mögliche Verwarnung Jugendlicher spielen, daß aber auch einige “außerrechtliche” Variablen (wie z.B. Alter, Wohngebiet, ethnische Zugehörigkeit und elterliche Aufsicht) einen durchaus signifikanten Einfluß auf jenes Entscheidungsverhalten ausüben.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Becker, H. S., Outsiders: Studies in the sociology of deviance, New York 1963Google Scholar
  2. Bennett, T., The social distribution of criminal labels. British Journal of Criminology, 19/1979, S. 134–145Google Scholar
  3. Black, D.J./Reiss, A.J., Police control of juveniles. American Sociological Review, 35/1970, S. 63–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cicourel, A.V., the social organization of juveniles justice, New York 1968Google Scholar
  5. Chesney-Lind, M., Judicial enforcement of the female sex role: The family court and the female delinquent. Issues in Criminology, 8/1973, S. 51–67Google Scholar
  6. Cohen, L.E./Kluegel, J.R., Determinants of juvenile court dispositions: Ascriptive and achieved factors in two metropolitan courts. American Sociological Review, 43/1978, S. 162–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cohen, L.E./Kluegel, J.R., Selecting delinquents for adjudication. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 16/ 1979, S. 143–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cohn, Y., Criteria for the probation officer’s recommendation to the juvenile court judge. Crime and Delinquency, 9/ 1963, S. 262–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Community Relation Branch, Metropolitan Police Office: Changes in the procedure for dealing with juvenile offenders, London, 1978 (Manuskript)Google Scholar
  10. Cox, D.R., The analysis of binary data, London 1970Google Scholar
  11. Department of the Environment, National dwelling and housing survey, London: Government statistical service, HMSO, 1979Google Scholar
  12. Ditchfield, J. A., Police cautioning in England and Wales, Home Office Research Study No. 37, London. 1976Google Scholar
  13. Dixon, W.J./Brown, M.B., BMDP-79, Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1979Google Scholar
  14. Elliot, D.S./Ageton, S.S./Canter, R.J., An integrated theoretical perspective on delinquent behavior. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 16/1979, S. 3–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Erikson, K.T., Notes on the sociology of deviance. Social Problems, 9/1962, S. 307–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ferdinand, T./Luchterhand, E.G., Inner city youth, the police, the juvenile court and justice. Social Problems, 17/1970, S. 510–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ford, D., Children, courts and caring, London 1975Google Scholar
  18. Hartjen, CA, Crime and criminalization, (2nd ed.), New York Praeger, 1978Google Scholar
  19. Hepburn, J.K., Race and the decision to arrest. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 15/1978, S. 54–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Helium, F., Juvenile justice: The second revolution. Crime and Delinquency, 25/1979, S. 299–317Google Scholar
  21. Hirschi, T., Causes of delinquency, Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1969Google Scholar
  22. Horwitz, A./Wassermann, M., Formal rationality, substantive justice and discrimination. Law and Human Behavior, 4/ 1980, S. 103–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Glueck, S./Glueck, E., Working mothers and delinquency. In: Wolfgang, M.E./Savitz, L./Johnston, N. (eds.), The Sociology of Crime and Delinquency (2nd ed.), New York 1970, S. 496–498Google Scholar
  24. Goldman, N., The differential selection of juvenile offenders for court appearance. National Council on Crime and Delinquency, 1963Google Scholar
  25. Kitsuse, J.I., Societal reaction to deviant behavior: Problems of theory and method. Social Problems, 9/1962, S. 247–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Landau, S.F., Do legal variables predict police decisions regarding the prosecution of juvenile offenders? Law and Human Behavior, 2/1978, S. 95–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Landau, S.F., Discrimination in the handling of juvenile offenders by the police: Some Israeli findings. Delinquency and Social Deviance, 7/1979, S. 159–168 (Hebrew)Google Scholar
  28. Landau, S.F., Juveniles and the police: Who is charged immediately and who is referred to the juvenile bureau? British Journal of Criminology, 21/1981, S. 27–46Google Scholar
  29. Lemert, E.M., Social pathology: A systematic approach to the theory of sociopathic behavior, New York 1951Google Scholar
  30. Lemert, E.M., Human deviance, social problems and social control, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 1967Google Scholar
  31. Liska, A.E./Tausig, M., Theoretical interpretations of social class and racial differentials in legal decision-making for juveniles. The Sociological Quarterly, 20/1979, S. 197–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. London Facts and Figures, Nr. 5, Greater London Council, 1978Google Scholar
  33. Lundman, R.J./Sykes, R.E./Clark, J. P., Police control of juveniles: A replication. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 15/1978, S. 74–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. McEachern, A.W./Bauzer, R., Factors related to disposition in juvenile police contacts. In: Klein, M.W./Myerhoff, B.G. (eds.), Juvenile Gangs in Context, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 1967, S. 148–160.Google Scholar
  35. Matza, D., Delinquency and drift, New York 1964Google Scholar
  36. Matza, D., Becoming deviant, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 1969Google Scholar
  37. Mawby, R.I./McCulloch, J.W./Batta, I.D., Crime amongst Asian juveniles in Bradford. International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 7/1979, S. 297–306Google Scholar
  38. Morris, A./Giller, H./Szwed, E./Geach, H., Justice for children, London, 1980Google Scholar
  39. Oliver, I. T., The metropolitan police juvenile bureau scheme, Criminal Law Review, August/1973, S. 499–506Google Scholar
  40. Piliavin, I./Briar, S., Police encounters with juveniles.’ American Journal of Sociology, 70/1964, S. 206–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice: Task force report: Juvenile delinquency and youth crime, Washington D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967Google Scholar
  42. Quinney, R., The social reality of crime, Boston 1970Google Scholar
  43. Rubin, H.T., Retain the juvenile court? Legislative developments, reform directions and the call for abolition. Crime and Delinquency, 25/1979, S. 281–298Google Scholar
  44. Schur, E.M., Labelling deviant behavior: Its sociological im-plications,.New…York.. 1971Google Scholar
  45. Schur, E.M., Radical non-intervention: Rethinking the delinquency problem, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1973Google Scholar
  46. Stevens, P./Willis, CF., Race, crime and arrests, Home Office Research Study Nr. 58, London 1979Google Scholar
  47. Terry, R.M., Discrimination in the handling of juvenile offenders by social control agencies. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 4/1967, S. 218–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Thomas, C.W./Cage, R.J., The effects of social characteristics on juvenile court dispositions. Sociological Quarterly, 18/1977, S. 237–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Thornberry, T.P., Sentencing disparities in the juvenile justice system. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 70/1979, S. 164–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Weber, M., Max Weber on law in economy and society. M. Rhein-stein (ed.), Cambridge Mass., Harvard University Press, 1954Google Scholar
  51. Wellford, Ch., Labelling theory and criminology: An assessment. Social Problems, 22/1975, S. 332–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Westdeutscher Verlag GmbH, Opladen 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simha F. Landau
  • Gad Nathan

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations