Evolution of Guided Wave Fields in Rib ARROW-Structures
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Novel waveguiding schemes basing on resonance effects like the Bragg-reflection waveguide and the Anti-Resonant-Reflecting Optical Waveguide (ARROW) have attracted an increasing interest within the last few years. This is due mainly to the fact, that some drawbacks are inherent in the conventional waveguiding concept. This concerns for instance the diameter mismatch of fiber-waveguide interconnects, the restriction to evanescent coupling, and the requirements for field-induced nonlinear refractive index changes to evoke nonlinear device characteristics. The first items require considerable technological efforts, whereas the latter one restricts the class of materials that can be used remarkably.
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