Spectral Analysis of Blast Vibrations from Large Explosions

  • C. Kurtuluş
  • M. Alpmen
Part of the Theory and Practice of Applied Geophysics book series (THPAG, volume 5)


Spectral analysis was performed on 3-component vibration records for 91 large blasts in four different lithologies (taconite, hematite, hard limestone, soft limestone) to characterize the properties of radiating elastic waves. Maximum particle velocity data show considerable scatter but the spectral maxima are consistently below 10.0 Hz over the distance range 300–2000 m. Signal durations are longer for hematite, and soft limestone than for taconite, and hard limestone with the longer signals being characterized by “narrower” frequency spectra. The corner frequency of corrected amplitude spectra varies inversely with source duration, that is, long duration blasts, in agreement with observations for far field earthquake waves. Powder factors for hard rock are higher than for soft rock because of the large taconite and hard limestone are higher than hematite and soft limestone. It was not possible to obtain a definitive relationship between maximum particle velocity and the powder factor because of the larger number of variables in these blasts.

Measurements contained in this study are significant because of the scarcity of published data pertaining to large blasts.


Ground Motion Amplitude Spectrum Delay Interval Corner Frequency Explosive Charge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1-.
    Brune, J.N., 1970, Tectonic Stress and The Spectra of Seismic Shear Waves From Earthquakes, J.Geophys. Res. V. 75, P. 4997–5009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2-.
    Brune, J.N., Archuleta, R.J., and Hartzell, S., 1979, Far Field S-Wave Spectra, Corner Frequency, and Pulse Shapes. J. Geophys. Res., v. 84, p. 2262–2272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3-.
    Brune, J.N.. 1971, Correction, J. geophys. Res., v. 77, p. 5002Google Scholar
  4. 4-.
    Duvall, I.W., 1953, Strain-Wave Shapes in Rock Near Explosions. Geophysics, v. 18, p. 310–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5-.
    Duvall, I.W., and Petkof, B., 1959, Spherical Propagation of Explosion-Generated Strain Pulses in Rock, BuMines RI 5483.Google Scholar
  6. 6-.
    Duvall, I.W., and Atchison, T.C., 1957, Rock Breakage by Explosives, BuMines RI 5356.Google Scholar
  7. 7-.
    Fogelson, D.E., Duvall, I.W., and Atchison, T.C., 1959, Strain Energy in Explosion-Generated Strain Pulses. BuMines RI 5514.Google Scholar
  8. 8-.
    Grant, C.H., 1980, An Emprical Method of Examing Energy Distribution in Blast Patterns. Soc. of Mining Engineers of AIME.Google Scholar
  9. 9-.
    Hino, K., 1959, Theory and Practice of Blasting. Nippon Kayaku Co. Ltd. Japan.Google Scholar
  10. 10-.
    Langefors, U., and Kihlstrom, B., 1973, The Modern Technique of Rock Blasting. John Willey end Sons.Google Scholar
  11. 11-.
    Molnar, P., Tucker, B.E., and Brune, J.N., 1973, Corner Frequencies of P and S Waves and Models of Earthquake Sources. Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., v. 63, p. 2091–2104.Google Scholar
  12. 12-.
    Olson, J.J., Fogelson, D.E., Dick, R.A., and Arlo D. Hendrickson, 1972, Vibrations from Tunnel Blasting in Granite. BuMines RI 7653.Google Scholar
  13. 13-.
    Sheriff, R.E., 1980, Seismic stratigraphy. International Human Resources Development Corporation.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14-.
    Siskind, D.E., Steckley, R.C., and Olson, J.J., 1973, Fracturing in the Zone Around a Blast Hole. White Pine, Mic. BuMines RI 7753.Google Scholar
  15. 15-.
    Siskind, D.E., 1980, Damage to Residential Structures from Surface Mine Blasting. Soc. of Mining Engineers of AIME. Preprint No: 80–362.Google Scholar
  16. 16-.
    Thonen, J.R., and Windes, S.L., 1938, Earth Vibrations Caused by Mine Blasting Progress Report 2. BuMines RI 3407.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Kurtuluş
    • 1
  • M. Alpmen
    • 1
  1. 1.Kocaeli Engineering Faculty, Department of Applied GeophysicsYildiz UniversityKocaeli, IzmitTurkey

Personalised recommendations