Die Ideologie der Leistungsgesellschaft
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”Ascribed statuses are those which are assigned to individuals without reference to their innate differences or abilities. They can be predicted and trained for from the moment of birth. The achieved statuses are, as a minimum, those requiring special qualities… They are not assigned to individuals from birth but are left open to be filled through competition and individual effort’ effort.“ (Linton 1961: 203)
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