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Lange Wellen im Weltsystem

  • Volker Bornschier
  • Christian Suter
Chapter
Part of the Politische Vierteljahresschrift Sonderheft book series (PVS, volume 21/1990)

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Beitrag arbeitet die theoretische und empirische Literatur über lange Wellen im Weltsystem auf, gibt dadurch einen Einblick in den gegenwärtigen Stand der Forschung zu Kondratieff- und Hegemoniezyklen und weist auf die Bedeutung dieser Forschung für Theorien der internationalen Beziehungen hin. Es werden empirische Befunde zur Frage der Existenz von Kondratieffzyklen diskutiert und die verschiedenen in der Literatur vorherrschenden ökonomischen, politologischen und soziokulturellen Theorieansätze eingehend dargestellt. Die Relevanz zyklischer Prozesse für Theorien der internationalen Beziehungen ergibt sich aus der wechselseitigen Beeinflussung der wirtschaftlichen und politischen Sphären, sowohl auf innergesellschaftlicher wie zwischenstaatlicher Ebene. Lange Wellen in ökonomischen, politischen und soziokulturellen Bereichen können dabei als Teil eines umfassenden Zyklus von Aufbau und Zerfall von Ordnung verstanden werden.

Abstract

This contribution provides a summary of the theoretical and empirical literature on long waves and draws attention to the importance of this body of literature for theories of international relations. Two types of cycles, the Kondratieff wave with a length of 45–60 years — most clearly evidenced with aggregate data for the world economy — and world leadership or hegemonic cycles with a duration of about 100 years are examined in greater detail and the various, but mostly unrelated theoretical arguments of different approaches exposed. Such cyclical processes are important for international relations because the economic and political spheres are inextricably related, both at the level of single states as well as in the political world economy. It is suggested to reinterpret long waves in the economic, political and sociocultural realms as manifestations of an encompassing cyclical process of rise and fall of social order.

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Copyright information

© Westdeutscher Verlag GmbH, Opladen 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Volker Bornschier
  • Christian Suter

There are no affiliations available

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