Advertisement

The EU and Israel: Comparison of Cultures and Implications

Chapter

Abstract

Israel and the EU have had complex relations since the establishment of the EU. On the one hand, there have always been close economic relations between Israel and the EU nations. On the other hand, Europe has not been as largely involved in the Israeli-Arab peace process, as it would have hoped. Israel has often declined European efforts of involvement and has sometimes regarded West Europe as unsupportive to its side of the conflict. The different views that Israel and the EU have on major political issues may be better understood when one understands the cultural differences between Israel and the EU nations. In this chapter, we closely examine the Israeli culture and the cultures of the EU nations by examining the relative value emphases in these cultures. We then discuss the implications of these cultural similarities and differences for attitudes and interpretations that may have led to political policies and to consequent agreements and disagreements between Israel and the EU.

Keywords

Nuclear Weapon Cultural Dimension Average Importance Surrounding World Societal Institution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bourdieu, P. (1972). Outline of a theory ofpractice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Geertz, C. (1973). The interpretation of cultures. New York: Basic Books, Harper Torchboolcs.Google Scholar
  3. Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Hofstede, G. (1990). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. London: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  5. Inglehart, R. (1990). Cultural change in advanced industrial societies. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Inkeles, A., & Smith, D.H. (1974). Becoming modern. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Kahl, J. (1968). The measurement of modernism: A study of values in Brazil and Mexico. Austin: The University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  8. Kim, U. (1994). Individualism and collectivism: Conceptual clarification and elaboration. In U. Kim, H.C. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S. Choi, & G. Yoon (Eds.), Individualism and collectivism (Vol. 18, Cross-cultural research and methodological series). London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  9. Markus, H.R., & Kitayama, S. (1994). A collective fear of the collective: Implications for selves and theories of selves. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20,568–579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Morris, C.W. (1956). Varieties of human value. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Renshon, S.A., Duckitt, J., Ross, M.H., Feldman, O., Moghaddam, F.M., DeVos, G.A., Stephan, W.G., & Leung, K. (2000). Substance and method in cultural and crosscultural political psychology. In J. Duckitt & S.A. Renshon (Eds.), Political psychology: Cultural and crosscultural foundations (pp. 66–86). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  12. Sagiv, L., & Schwartz, S.H. (2000). A new look at national culture: Illustrative applications to role stress and managerial behavior. In N.N. Ashkanasy, C. Wilderom, & M.F. Peterson (Eds.), The handbook of organizational culture and climate. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  13. Schwartz, S.H. (1992). Universals in the content and structure of values: Theoretical advances and empirical tests in 20 countries. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25,1–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Schwartz, S.H. (1994). Beyond Individualism-Collectivism: New cultural dimensions of values. In U. Kim, H.C. Triandis, C. Kagitcibasi, S.-C. Choi, & G. Yoon (Eds.), Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method,and applications (pp. 85–119). London: Sage.Google Scholar
  15. Schwartz, S.H. (1997). Values and culture. In D. Munro, S. Carr, & J. Schumaker (Eds.), Motivation and culture (pp. 69–84). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Schwartz, S.H. (1999). Cultural value differences: Some implications for work. Applied Psychology: An International Journal, 48, 23–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Schwartz, S.H., & Bardi, A. (1997). Influences of adaptation to Communist rule on value priorities in Eastern Europe. Political Psychology, 18,385–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schwartz, S.H., Bardi, A., & Bianchi, G. (2000). Value adaptation to the imposition and collapse of communist regimes in East-Central Europe. In J. Duckitt & S.A. Renshon (Eds.), Political psychology: Cultural and cross-cultural foundations (pp. 217–237). London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  19. Schwartz, S.H. & Boehnke, K. (2002). Evaluating the structure of human values with confirmatory factor analysis. Manuscript submitted to Journal of Personaliol and Social Psychology. Google Scholar
  20. Schwartz, S.H., & Ros, M. (1995). Values in the West: A theoretical and empirical challenge to the individualism-collectivism cultural dimension. World Psychology, 1,99–122.Google Scholar
  21. Schwartz, S.H., & Sagiv, L. (1995). Identifying culture specifics in the content and structure of values. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology,26, 92–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Smith, P.B., & Schwartz, S.H. (1997). Values. In J.W. Berry, M.H. Seal, & C. Kagitcibasi (Eds.), Handbook of cross-cultural psychology (Vol. 3, 2nd ed., pp. 77–118). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  23. Trice, H.M., & Beyer, J.M. (1993). The cultures of work organizations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  24. Triandis, H.C. (1990). Cross-cultural studies of individualism and collectivism. In J. Berman (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation (pp. 41–133). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  25. Triandis, H.C. (1994). Theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of collectivism and individualism. In U. Kim., H.C. Triandis., C. Kagitcibasi., S.-C. Choi, & G. Yoon (Eds.), Individualism and collectivism (Vol. 18, Cross-cultural research and methodological series). London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  26. Williams, R.M. (1970). American society: A sociological interpretation (3rd ed.). New York: Knopf.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Deutscher Universitäts-Verlag GmbH, Wiesbaden 2003

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations