DMA Optimal Layout for Protection of Water Distribution Networks from Malicious Attack

  • Simeone Chianese
  • Armando Di Nardo
  • Michele Di Natale
  • Carlo GiudicianniEmail author
  • Dino Musmarra
  • Giovanni Francesco Santonastaso
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10707)


Water distribution networks (WDNs) are among the most important civil networks, because they deliver drinking and industrial water to metropolitan areas, supporting economic prosperity and quality of life. Therefore, they constitute critical infrastructures (CIs) as systems whose operability are of crucial importance to ensure social survival and welfare. In the last years, extreme natural events and intentional malicious attacks have shown that global safeguard of systems cannot be ever performed. In this regard, critical infrastructure protection (CIP) strategies should be focused both on the prevention of these events and on the procedures for the functioning recovery and damage limitation. In this paper, starting from previous works of the authors, the impact of an intentional contamination attack to water distribution network and a possible strategy to mitigate the user risk have been studied, simulating the introduction of potassium cyanide with a backflow attack into water system. As protection technique, the water network partitioning (WNP) has been adopted in order to improve the management and also to reduce the extent of damage showing a dual use-value. WNP reveals to be an efficient way to protect water networks from malicious contamination, through the closure of gate valves by a remote control system creating semi-independent District Meter Areas (DMAs). The study also investigates the possibility to identify a priori the most critical point of a water distribution network for the malicious attack through a novel procedure based on topological metric. The methodology, tested on a real medium size water network in Italy, shows very interesting results in terms of mitigation risk.


Critical infrastructure Water protection Water network partitioning 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simeone Chianese
    • 1
  • Armando Di Nardo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michele Di Natale
    • 1
  • Carlo Giudicianni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Dino Musmarra
    • 1
  • Giovanni Francesco Santonastaso
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di IngegneriaUniversità degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”AversaItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Sistemi Complessi (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche)RomeItaly

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