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Systemic Resistance

  • H. Igor Ansoff
  • Daniel Kipley
  • A. O. Lewis
  • Roxanne Helm-Stevens
  • Rick Ansoff
Chapter

Abstract

We next turn attention to another type of resistance which we shall call systemic. The two types of resistance are concurrent during the history of a change and they produce similar effects: delays, unanticipated costs, chronic malperformance of new strategies. But, the basic causes are different. One comes from active opposition to change and the other from the passive incompetence of the organization.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Igor Ansoff
    • 1
  • Daniel Kipley
    • 2
  • A. O. Lewis
    • 3
  • Roxanne Helm-Stevens
    • 4
  • Rick Ansoff
    • 5
  1. 1.Strategic ManagementAlliant International UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Strategic ManagementAzusa Pacific UniversityAzusaUSA
  3. 3.Strategic ManagementNational UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  4. 4.Strategic ManagementAzusa Pacific UniversityAzusaUSA
  5. 5.Alliant International UniversitySan DiegoUSA

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