Characterization of 3D Printing Mortars Made with OPC/CSA Mixes

  • Noura KhalilEmail author
  • Sébastien Rémond
  • Bilal Baz
  • Georges Aouad
Conference paper
Part of the RILEM Bookseries book series (RILEM, volume 19)


Printable mortars used in 3D printing of cementitious materials must have rheological behaviour and setting rigorously controlled. In this research, mixes made of two types of cement, ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and Calcium Sulfoaluminate cement (CSA) are adopted to control the printability of a mortar. Extrudability, buildability and comparable compressive strength to that of a traditional mortar are the specifications required by the printable mortar. Different mixes of OPC/CSA cement pastes (ranging between 0 and 10% of CSA) and 2 mixes of OPC/CSA mortars (0 and 7% of CSA) are studied. The cement pastes are studied by isothermal calorimetry and rheometer. Heat of hydration and cement pastes' yield stress increase with the dosage of CSA in the mix. A mortar made out of 7% CSA in previous article [1] is then tested in laboratory and their behaviour is compared to the results of the cement pastes.


Sulfoaluminate cement Heat of hydration Thixotropy 



This research work has been carried out in the frame of the MATRICE Project, co-funded by the region “Hauts de France” and the European Union with the European Regional Development Fund. The authors also acknowledge the supply of materials from Vicat, Sika and the Carrières du Boulonais.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noura Khalil
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sébastien Rémond
    • 1
  • Bilal Baz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Georges Aouad
    • 2
  1. 1.IMT Lille Douai, Univ. Lille, EA 4515 - LGCgE – Laboratoire de Génie Civil et géoEnvironnement, Département Génie Civil & EnvironnementalLilleFrance
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of Balamand, UOBAl KouraLebanon

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